Gastrointestinal tract mucosal histomorphometry and epithelial cell proliferation and apoptosis in neonatal and adult dogs

De Conto, C.; Oevermann, A.; Burgener, I.A.; Doherr, M.G.; Blum, J.W. (2010). Gastrointestinal tract mucosal histomorphometry and epithelial cell proliferation and apoptosis in neonatal and adult dogs. Journal of animal science, 88(7), pp. 2255-64. Savoy, Ill.: American Society of Animal Science 10.2527/jas.2009-2511

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

In this study, the hypothesis was tested that the size of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) mucosal components and rates of epithelial cell proliferation and apoptosis change with increasing age. The aims were to quantitatively examine GIT histomorphology and to determine mucosal epithelial cell proliferation and apoptosis rates in neonatal (<48 h old) and adult (8 to 11.5 yr old) dogs. Morphometrical analyses were performed by light microscopy with a video-based, computer-linked system. Cell proliferation and apoptosis of the GIT epithelium were evaluated by counting the number of Ki-67 and caspase-3-positive cells, respectively, using immunohistochemical methods. Thickness of mucosal, glandular, subglandular, submucosal and muscular layers, crypt depths, villus heights, and villus widths were consistently greater (P < 0.05 to P < 0.001), whereas villus height/crypt depth ratios were smaller (P < 0.001) in adult than in neonatal dogs. The number of Ki-67-positive cells in stomach, small intestine, and colon crypts, but not in villi, was consistently greater (P < 0.01) in neonatal than in adult dogs. In contrast, the number of caspase-3-positive cells in crypts of the stomach, small intestine, and colon and in villi was not significantly influenced by age. In conclusion, canine GIT mucosal morphology and epithelial cell proliferation rates, but not apoptosis rates, change markedly from birth until adulthood is reached.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Experimental Clinical Research
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DVK - Clinical Research (discontinued)

UniBE Contributor:

Oevermann, Anna; Burgener, Iwan and Doherr, Marcus

ISSN:

0021-8812

Publisher:

American Society of Animal Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:32

Last Modified:

03 Feb 2015 09:15

Publisher DOI:

10.2527/jas.2009-2511

Web of Science ID:

000278801300004

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/12364 (FactScience: 218696)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback