Case-specific finite element analysis of dental CAD/CAM prostheses to identify design flaws prior to manufacture.

Apicella, Davide; Joda, Tim Alexander; Bonadeo, Gianni; Sorrentino, Roberto; Ferrari, Marco (2016). Case-specific finite element analysis of dental CAD/CAM prostheses to identify design flaws prior to manufacture. American journal of dentistry, 29(6), pp. 339-344. Mosher & Linder

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PURPOSE

To apply a design optimization strategy to dental prostheses machining to verify whether this approach can detect flaws occurring in the CAD process and to estimate the influence of the type of material on the occurrence of fractures in restorations.

METHODS

The stereo lithography interface format of a 4-unit (from canine to first molar) fixed dental prosthesis designed by a conventional dental CAD process was converted into a Finite Element Analysis (FEA) model. This basic model was coupled to the mechanical properties of feldspathic ceramic, lithium disilicate ceramic (LS2) and zirconia (ZrO2) to create three FEA models with different mechanical properties. The models were constrained along the abutment housing surfaces of the canine and the first molar, respectively. Finally, a simulated load of 50 N was applied vertically to the occlusal surface of the first premolar.

RESULTS

The FEA showed a stress peak concentration between the second connectors and the second premolar. The stress peak overcame the ultimate tensile stresses of feldspathic and lithium disilicate ceramics; conversely, the ultimate tensile stress of zirconia was not overcome. A geometrical flaw was identified in the 4-unit fixed dental prosthesis. The flaw was sensitive to tensional stress and could lead to failure of the component.

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE

The results of the present investigation showed the importance and future impact of the application of FEA in the daily practice of prosthodontics. A FEA-implemented CAD process would allow proper prosthetic volumes with correct dimensions of the framework, in order to withstand occlusal loads and consequently reduce mechanical failures. FEA is a useful tool to simplify the design of prosthetic frameworks and select esthetic ceramic materials with strength enough to withstand occlusal stress.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Reconstructive Dentistry and Gerodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Joda, Tim Alexander

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0894-8275

Publisher:

Mosher & Linder

Language:

English

Submitter:

Vanda Kummer

Date Deposited:

22 Jul 2019 15:28

Last Modified:

20 Dec 2019 15:22

PubMed ID:

29178722

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.123757

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/123757

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