Long-Term Changes in Optical Properties (μa, μ's, μeff and DPF) of Human Head Tissue During Functional Neuroimaging Experiments.

Zohdi, Hamoon; Scholkmann, Felix; Nasseri, Nassim; Wolf, Ursula (2018). Long-Term Changes in Optical Properties (μa, μ's, μeff and DPF) of Human Head Tissue During Functional Neuroimaging Experiments. Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 1072, pp. 331-337. Springer 10.1007/978-3-319-91287-5_53

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Frequency-domain near-infrared spectroscopy (FD-NIRS) enables to measure absolute optical properties (i.e. the absorption coefficient, μa, and the reduced scattering coefficient, μ's) of the brain tissue. The aim of this study was to investigate how the optical properties changed during the course of a functional NIRS experiment. The analyzed dataset comprised of FD-NIRS measurements of 14 healthy subjects (9 males, 5 females, aged: 33.4 ± 10.5 years, range: 24-57 years old). Each measurement lasted 33 min, i.e. 8 min baseline in darkness, 10 min intermittent light stimulation, and 15 min recovery in darkness. Optical tissue properties were obtained bilaterally over the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and visual cortex (VC) with FD-NIRS (Imagent, ISS Inc., USA). Changes in μa and μ's were directly measured and two parameters were calculated, i.e. the differential pathlength factor (DPF) and the effective attenuation coefficient (μeff). Differences in the behavior of the optical changes were observed when comparing group-averaged data versus single datasets: no clear overall trend was presented in the group data, whereas a clear long-term trend was visible in almost all of the single measurements. Interestingly, the changes in μ's statistically significantly correlated with μa, positively in the PFC and negatively in the VC. Our analysis demonstrates that all optical brain tissue properties (μa, μ's, μeff and DPF) change during these functional neuroimaging experiments. The change in μ's is not random but follows a trend, which depends on the single experiment and measurement location. The change in the scattering properties of the brain tissue during a functional experiment is not negligible. The assumption μ's ≈ const during an experiment is valid for group-averaged data but not for data from single experiments.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute of Complementary and Integrative Medicine (IKIM)

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Health Sciences (GHS)

UniBE Contributor:

Zohdi, Hamoon, Scholkmann, Felix Vishnu, Nasseri, Nassim, Wolf, Ursula


500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Hamoon Zohdi

Date Deposited:

21 Jan 2019 15:04

Last Modified:

02 Mar 2023 23:31

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:






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