Response to first-line treatment and histology are associated with achieving complete remission after the first salvage high-dose chemotherapy in relapsing germ cell tumor patients.

Gössi, Flavio; Spahn, Martin; Samaras, Panagiotis; Beyer, Jörg; Schardt, Julian; Pabst Müller, Thomas Niklaus (2018). Response to first-line treatment and histology are associated with achieving complete remission after the first salvage high-dose chemotherapy in relapsing germ cell tumor patients. Bone marrow transplantation, 53(7), pp. 820-825. Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/s41409-018-0089-5

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Sequential high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is a curative option in relapsing germ cell tumor (GCT) patients, and complete remission (CR) after the first ASCT (early CR2) is associated with favorable outcome. Prognostic factors predicting early CR2 have not been investigated so far. We analyzed consecutive patients with a first relapse of GCT treated with three sequential cycles of carboplatin/etoposide-based HDCT with ASCT in the two largest academic centers in Switzerland. The cohort comprised 96 relapsing GCT patients, with 19 (19.8%) patients achieving early CR2 after the first HDCT cycle. The median progression-free survival and overall survival were not reached in patients achieving early CR2, whereas they were 9.6 months (P = 0.0301) and 34.8 months (P = 0.0684) for patients missing early CR2. Patients with early CR2 more often had CR1 after first-line bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin chemotherapy (68.4 vs. 31.6%; P = 0.0037) and an interval longer than 2 years between initial diagnosis and first HDCT (36.8 vs. 15.6%; P = 0.0373), but less often a histology of mixed nonseminomatous tumor (46.8 vs. 21.1%; P = 0.0418). These data suggest that response to first-line chemotherapy, late relapse, and histology are associated with achieving early CR2 after a first HDCT with ASCT in relapsing GCT patients.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Medical Oncology

UniBE Contributor:

Beyer, Jörg; Schardt, Julian and Pabst Müller, Thomas Niklaus

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0268-3369

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Rebeka Gerber

Date Deposited:

07 Mar 2019 15:11

Last Modified:

03 Nov 2019 09:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/s41409-018-0089-5

PubMed ID:

29367712

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.124049

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/124049

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