Assessment of the rate of premolar extraction space closure in the maxillary arch with the AcceleDent Aura appliance vs no appliance in adolescents: A single-blind randomized clinical trial.

Miles, Peter; Fisher, Elizabeth; Pandis, Nikolaos (2018). Assessment of the rate of premolar extraction space closure in the maxillary arch with the AcceleDent Aura appliance vs no appliance in adolescents: A single-blind randomized clinical trial. American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics, 153(1), pp. 8-14. Mosby 10.1016/j.ajodo.2017.08.007

[img] Text
1-s2.0-S0889540617307606-main.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (326kB) | Request a copy

INTRODUCTION The purpose of this 2-arm parallel trial was to assess the effect of the AcceleDent Aura appliance (OrthoAccel Technologies, Houston, Tex) on the rate of maxillary premolar extraction space closure in adolescent patients. METHODS Forty Class II adolescents treated with full fixed appliances and maxillary premolar extractions participated in this randomized clinical trial. They were recruited in a private practice and treated by 1 clinician. Randomization was accomplished in blocks of 10 patients assigned to either a no-appliance group or the AcceleDent Aura appliance group with the allocations concealed in opaque, sealed envelopes. Both the operator and the outcome assessor were blinded; however, it was not feasible to blind the patients. Models were taken of the maxillary arch at the start of space closure and just before complete space closure. The space was measured parallel to the occlusal plane from the cusp tips of the teeth mesial and distal to the extraction spaces. RESULTS There was no clinically (0.05 mm per month; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.24, 0.34) or statistically significant difference in the rate of space closure (P = 0.74). In both the univariable and multivariable analyses, the mean rate of tooth movement was slower by 0.13 mm per month (95% CI, -.26, .005) on the left side compared with the right side, but this was not statistically significant (P = 0.06). CONCLUSIONS The AcceleDent Aura appliance had no effect on the rate of maxillary premolar extraction space closure. Only a few participants were considered to be good compliers with the appliance. However, the rate of space closure in the good compliers was similar to the overall group and did not appear to influence the result. REGISTRATION This trial was not registered. PROTOCOL The protocol was not published before trial commencement.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Orthodontics

UniBE Contributor:

Pandis, Nikolaos

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0889-5406

Publisher:

Mosby

Language:

English

Submitter:

Renate Imhof-Etter

Date Deposited:

19 Mar 2019 14:30

Last Modified:

19 Mar 2019 14:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.ajodo.2017.08.007

PubMed ID:

29287658

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.124286

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/124286

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback