Prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing after stroke and TIA: A meta-analysis.

Seiler, Andrea; Camilo, Millene; Korostovtseva, Lyudmila; Haynes, Alan G; Brill, Anne-Kathrin; Horvath, Thomas; Egger, Matthias; Bassetti, Claudio L (2019). Prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing after stroke and TIA: A meta-analysis. Neurology, 92(7), e648-e654. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1212/WNL.0000000000006904

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To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) after stroke.


We searched PubMed, Embase (Ovid), the Cochrane Library, and CINAHL (from their commencements to April 7, 2017) for clinical studies reporting prevalence and/or severity of SDB after stroke or TIA. Only sleep apnea tests performed with full polysomnography and diagnostic devices of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine categories I-IV were included. We conducted random-effects meta-analysis. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42017072339.


The initial search identified 5,211 publications. Eighty-nine studies (including 7,096 patients) met inclusion criteria. Fifty-four studies were performed in the acute phase after stroke (after less than 1 month), 23 studies in the subacute phase (after 1-3 months), and 12 studies in the chronic phase (after more than 3 months). Mean apnea-hypopnea index was 26.0/h (SD 21.7-31.2). Prevalence of SDB with apnea-hypopnea index greater than 5/h and greater than 30/h was found in 71% (95% confidence interval 66.6%-74.8%) and 30% (95% confidence interval 24.4%-35.5%) of patients, respectively. Severity and prevalence of SDB were similar in all examined phases after stroke, irrespective of the type of sleep apnea test performed. Heterogeneity between studies () was mostly high.


The high prevalence of SDB after stroke and TIA, which persists over time, is important in light of recent studies reporting the (1) feasibility and (2) efficacy of SDB treatment in this clinical setting.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Pneumology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > CTU Bern
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Seiler, Andrea Barbara, Korostovtceva, Liudmila, Haynes, Alan, Brill, Anne-Kathrin, Horvath, Thomas Nikolaus, Egger, Matthias, Bassetti, Claudio L.A.


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services




Lippincott Williams & Wilkins




Beatrice Minder Wyssmann

Date Deposited:

23 Jan 2019 11:31

Last Modified:

02 Mar 2023 23:31

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Additional Information:

Egger and Bassetti contributed equally to this work.




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