Variable expressivity of TCTEX1D2 mutations and a possible pathogenic link of molar-incisor malformation to ciliary dysfunction.

Zschocke, Johannes; Schossig, Anna; Bosshardt, Dieter; Karall, Daniela; Glueckert, Rudolf; Kapferer-Seebacher, Ines (2017). Variable expressivity of TCTEX1D2 mutations and a possible pathogenic link of molar-incisor malformation to ciliary dysfunction. Archives of oral biology, 80, pp. 222-228. Elsevier Science 10.1016/j.archoralbio.2017.04.009

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OBJECTIVE Clarification of the molecular basis of a ciliopathy associated with molar-incisor malformation in a consanguineous Turkish family. DESIGN Full dental and clinical examinations, histologic analysis, comprehensive genetic analyses including exome sequencing, ciliary function tests and transmission electron microscopy of ciliary biopsies in the surviving patient. RESULTS Two siblings had situs inversus and complex heart defects suggestive of ciliary dysfunction. The affected girl who died in utero showed severe chest abnormalities compatible with Jeune syndrome which were not present in the affected boy. Dental investigations in the boy showed typical signs of molar-incisor-malformation. Exome sequencing identified a homozygous intragenic deletion in TCTEX1D2 which is predicted to completely remove protein function. Ciliary function tests and electron microscopy showed mild irregularities of motile cilia such as compound cilia and loss of membranes. CONCLUSIONS Our findings support the suggestion that TCTEX1D2 mutations have variable expressivity and may be associated with disturbances of embryonic development caused by both, ciliary signaling and motile dysfunction. The presence of molar-incisor-malformation in the living patient raises the possibility of a pathogenetic link of this rare dental anomaly to ciliary dysfunction during tooth development at least in some individuals.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Oral Surgery Research

UniBE Contributor:

Bosshardt, Dieter


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Elsevier Science




Caroline Balz

Date Deposited:

23 Jul 2019 11:39

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 22:19

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Dental development Jeune syndrome Molar-incisor-malformation Odontogenesis TCTEX1D2




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