Gauging seizure risk

Baud, Maxime Olivier; Rao, V. R. (2018). Gauging seizure risk. Neurology, 91(21), pp. 967-973. American Academy of Neurology 10.1212/wnl.0000000000006548

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The current paradigm for treatment of epilepsy begins with trials of antiepileptic drugs, followed by evaluation for resective brain surgery in drug-resistant patients. If surgery is not possible or fails to control seizures, some patients benefit from implanted neurostimulation devices. In addition to their therapeutic benefit, some of these devices have diagnostic capability enabling recordings of brain activity with unprecedented chronicity. Two recent studies using different devices for chronic EEG (i.e., over months to years) yielded convergent findings of daily and multiday cycles of brain activity that help explain seizure timing. Knowledge of these patient-specific cycles can be leveraged to gauge and forecast seizure risk, empowering patients to adopt risk-stratified treatment strategies and behavioral modifications. We review evidence that epilepsy is a cyclical disorder, and we argue that implanted monitoring devices should be offered earlier in the treatment paradigm. Chronic EEG would allow pharmacologic treatments tailored to days of high seizure risk-here termed chronotherapy-and would help characterize long timescale seizure dynamics to improve subsequent surgical planning. Coupled with neuromodulation, the proposed approach could improve quality of life for patients and decrease the number ultimately requiring resective surgery. We outline challenges for chronic monitoring and seizure forecasting that demand close collaboration among engineers, neurosurgeons, and neurologists.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Baud, Maxime Olivier

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0028-3878

Publisher:

American Academy of Neurology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Panagiota Milona

Date Deposited:

28 Mar 2019 08:04

Last Modified:

28 Mar 2019 11:39

Publisher DOI:

10.1212/wnl.0000000000006548

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.124652

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/124652

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