Postacute Delivery of GABAA alpha5 Antagonist Promotes Postischemic Neurological Recovery and Peri-infarct Brain Remodeling

Wang, Y. C.; Dzyubenko, E.; Sanchez-Mendoza, E. H.; Sardari, M.; Silva de Carvalho, T.; Doeppner, T. R.; Kaltwasser, B.; Machado, P.; Kleinschnitz, C.; Bassetti, Claudio; Hermann, D. M. (2018). Postacute Delivery of GABAA alpha5 Antagonist Promotes Postischemic Neurological Recovery and Peri-infarct Brain Remodeling. Stroke, 49(10), pp. 2495-2503. Wolters Kluwer Health 10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.021378

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Background and Purpose- Poststroke, neuronal excitability is tonically reduced in peri-infarct tissue via inhibitory influences of extrasynaptic GABAA receptors. We hypothesized that GABAA alpha5 blockade by the competitive antagonist S44819 enhances postischemic neurological recovery, brain remodeling, and neuroplasticity. Methods- In an explorative study followed by a confirmation study, male C57Bl6/j mice were exposed to transient intraluminal middle cerebral artery occlusion. Starting 72 hours poststroke, vehicle or S44819 (3 or 10 mg/kg, BID) was delivered orally for 28 days. Neurological recovery, perilesional tissue remodeling, and contralesional pyramidal tract plasticity were evaluated for 42 days, that is, 14 days after completion of S44819 delivery. Results- S44819, delivered at 10 but not 3 mg/kg, persistently improved motor coordination and spatial memory in both studies. Striatal atrophy was reduced by 10 mg/kg S44819 at 42 days post-treatment onset, and neuronal long-term survival in the peri-infarct striatum was increased. Delayed neuroprotection was associated with reduced peri-infarct astrogliosis, increased peri-infarct brain capillary density, and increased neural precursor cell proliferation and differentiation in proximity to the ipsilesional subventricular zone. Contralesional pyramidal tract plasticity, evaluated by anterograde tract tracing at the level of the red nucleus, was not influenced by S44819. Concentrations of neurotrophic (brain-derived neurotrophic factor and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor) and angiogenic (vascular endothelial growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor) growth factors were elevated by 10 mg/kg S44819 in peri-infarct but not contralesional brain tissue. Conclusions- Our data demonstrate that S44819 enhances neurological recovery and peri-infarct brain remodeling in the postacute stroke phase.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Bassetti, Claudio

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1524-4628

Publisher:

Wolters Kluwer Health

Language:

English

Submitter:

Panagiota Milona

Date Deposited:

21 Mar 2019 17:10

Last Modified:

22 Mar 2019 15:19

Publisher DOI:

10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.021378

PubMed ID:

30355106

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.124796

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/124796

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