Microbiological analysis and the outcomes of periodontal treatment with or without adjunctive systemic antibiotics-a retrospective study.

Eick, Sigrun; Nydegger, Jasmin; Bürgin-Mumenthaler, Walter Bruno; Salvi, Giovanni Edoardo; Sculean, Anton; Ramseier, Christoph (2018). Microbiological analysis and the outcomes of periodontal treatment with or without adjunctive systemic antibiotics-a retrospective study. Clinical oral investigations, 22(9), pp. 3031-3041. Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00784-018-2392-3

[img] Text
Eick2018_Article_MicrobiologicalAnalysisAndTheO.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only until 22 February 2022.
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (622kB) | Request a copy
[img]
Preview
Text
Eick_et_al_Clin_Oral_Invest_22(2018), pp. 3031-3041.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (251kB) | Preview

OBJECTIVES The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess the impact of microbiological diagnostics on the outcomes of periodontal treatment with or without adjunctive use of systemic antibiotics. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patient files were screened for microbiological analysis before (T1) and after non-surgical periodontal therapy (T2). Medical history, diagnosis, clinical data, and results of the microbiological analysis were extracted from the patient's file. After descriptive statistics, logistic regression analysis was performed to model the presence of 90 and 50% reductions of numbers of sites with probing depths (PD) of ≥ 5 mm at T2 (90%-PD5 and 50%-PD5), respectively, against the presence of bacterial species, clinical diagnosis, and adjunctive use of systemic antibiotics. RESULTS Eighteen patients diagnosed with aggressive periodontitis (AP, 17 with adjunctive antibiotics) and 84 with chronic periodontitis (CP, 31 with adjunctive antibiotics) were included in the analysis. Logistic modeling of bacteria at T1 to 90%-PD5 failed to show any statistical significance. Using 50%-PD5, presence of all Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, and Treponema denticola and in particular of T. denticola at T1 was associated with good response to therapy. Modeling of bacterial presence to 90-%PD5 and to 50-%PD5 at T2 found an association with absence of T. forsythia (90-%PD5 and 50-%PD5) and of T. denticola and Campylobacter rectus (50%-PD5). Modeling bacteria at T1, antibiotic group and oral hygiene at T2 on 50%-PD5 revealed odds ratio (OR) of the adjunctive antibiotic group between 2.70 and 52.4, of the oral hygiene between 3.27 and 4.11, and of the bacteria at T1 up to 28.6 (Porphyromonas gingivalis, T. forsythia, or T. denticola). CONCLUSION Microbiological analysis of the most important species associated with periodontal diseases appears to support a clinically based decision for the adjunctive use of systemic antibiotics. CLINICAL RELEVANCE The present findings appear to support the use microbiological testing to strengthen the clinical decision making process for either using or not using systemic antibiotics in conjunction with non-surgical periodontal therapy.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Periodontics Research

UniBE Contributor:

Eick, Sigrun; Bürgin-Mumenthaler, Walter Bruno; Salvi, Giovanni Edoardo; Sculean, Anton and Ramseier, Christoph

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1432-6981

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

26 Jun 2019 10:14

Last Modified:

08 Jul 2019 15:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00784-018-2392-3

PubMed ID:

29468598

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Antibiotics Microbiological analysis Periodontitis Response to treatment

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.125308

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/125308

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback