Dental calculus: the calcified biofilm and its role in disease development.

Akcalı, Aliye; Lang, Niklaus Peter (2018). Dental calculus: the calcified biofilm and its role in disease development. Periodontology 2000, 76(1), pp. 109-115. Blackwell 10.1111/prd.12151

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Dental calculus represents the first fossilized record of bacterial communities as a testimony of evolutionary biology. The development of dental calculus is a dynamic process that starts with a nonmineralized biofilm which eventually calcifies. Nonmineralized dental biofilm entraps particles from the oral cavity, including large amounts of oral bacteria, human proteins, viruses and food remnants, and preserves their DNA. The process of mineralization involves metabolic activities of the bacterial colonies and strengthens the attachment of nonmineralized biofilms to the tooth surface. From a clinical point of view, dental calculus always harbors a living, nonmineralized biofilm, jeopardizing the integrity of the dento-gingival or implanto-mucosal unit. This narrative review presents a brief historical overview of dental calculus formation and its clinical relevance in modern periodontal practice.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Periodontics Research

UniBE Contributor:

Lang, Niklaus Peter

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0906-6713

Publisher:

Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

03 Jul 2019 10:34

Last Modified:

28 Oct 2019 10:42

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/prd.12151

PubMed ID:

29194797

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.125386

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/125386

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