Sequential morphometric evaluation at UnicCa and DCD implant surfaces. An experimental study in the dog.

Favero, Vittorio; Lang, Niklaus Peter; Favero, Riccardo; Antunes, Antonio A; Salata, Luiz A; Botticelli, Daniele (2017). Sequential morphometric evaluation at UnicCa and DCD implant surfaces. An experimental study in the dog. Clinical oral implants research, 28(7), pp. 833-839. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/clr.12888

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AIM To study tissue components adjacent to implants with nanotechnologically modified surfaces at different periods of healing. MATERIAL & METHODS In 12 beagle dogs, two different implant systems with different surface configurations were randomly installed in the edentulous premolar regions of the mandible. One surface was first acid-etched and subsequently, nanotechnologically modified with calcium ions (UnicCa ), while the other was first sandblasted and acid-etched, and then additionally treated with a nanometer calcium phosphate deposition (discrete crystalline deposition; DCD ). The implants were fully submerged; surgeries and sacrifices were planned to harvest biopsies after 1, 2, 4 and 8 weeks of healing (n = 6 per period). A morphometric evaluation of percentages of new and old bone, bone debris/particles and clot, new soft tissues (provisional matrix and immature marrow), mature bone marrow and vessels was performed in the spongiosa compartment adjacent to the implant surface up to a distance of about 0.4 mm from the surface. RESULTS After 2 weeks of healing, the soft tissues were represented by 41.0% at the UnicCa and 37.9% at the DCD surfaces, in both cases mainly being composed of provisional matrix. These percentages decreased over time, being composed of greater amounts of immature bone marrow, and disappeared after 8 weeks. New bone increased progressively between 1 and 8 weeks of healing from 9.7 ± 6.3% to 70.0 ± 8.4% and from 8.2 ± 3.5% to 67.0 ± 6.1% at the UnicCa and DCD surfaces, respectively. Pristine bone was progressively resorbed. CONCLUSIONS Throughout the periods of healing observed, the formation of a provisional matrix followed by the formation of new bone and marrow was revealed in a similar fashion as for other modified surface configurations.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Periodontics Research

UniBE Contributor:

Lang, Niklaus Peter


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

26 Jul 2019 16:12

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 21:43

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

animal study bone bone healing early healing histology implant dentistry implant surface morphometry




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