Regulation of Ghrelin Receptor by Periodontal Bacteria In Vitro and In Vivo

Nokhbehsaim, Marjan; Damanaki, Anna; Nogueira, Andressa Vilas Boas; Eick, Sigrun; Memmert, Svenja; Zhou, Xiaoyan; Nanayakkara, Shanika; Götz, Werner; Cirelli, Joni Augusto; Jäger, Andreas; Deschner, James (2017). Regulation of Ghrelin Receptor by Periodontal Bacteria In Vitro and In Vivo. Mediators of inflammation, 2017(4916971), p. 4916971. Hindawi Publishing Corp. 10.1155/2017/4916971

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Ghrelin plays a major role in obesity-related diseases which have been shown to be associated with periodontitis. This study sought to analyze the expression of the functional receptor for ghrelin (GHS-R1a) in periodontal cells and tissues under microbial conditions and . The GHS-R1a expression in human periodontal cells challenged with the periodontopathogen , in gingival biopsies from periodontally healthy and diseased individuals, and from rats with and without ligature-induced periodontitis was analyzed by real-time PCR, immunocytochemistry, and immunofluorescence. induced an initial upregulation and subsequent downregulation of GHS-R1a in periodontal cells. In rat experimental periodontitis, the GHS-R1a expression at periodontitis sites was increased during the early stage of periodontitis, but significantly reduced afterwards, when compared with healthy sites. In human gingival biopsies, periodontally diseased sites showed a significantly lower GHS-R1a expression than the healthy sites. The expression of the functional ghrelin receptor in periodontal cells and tissues is modulated by periodontal bacteria. Due to the downregulation of the functional ghrelin receptor by long-term exposure to periodontal bacteria, the anti-inflammatory actions of ghrelin may be diminished in chronic periodontal infections, which could lead to an enhanced periodontal inflammation and tissue destruction.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Periodontics Research

UniBE Contributor:

Eick, Sigrun

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0962-9351

Publisher:

Hindawi Publishing Corp.

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

31 Jul 2019 07:48

Last Modified:

01 Jul 2021 06:39

Publisher DOI:

10.1155/2017/4916971

PubMed ID:

29317796

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.125427

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/125427

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