Impact of long-term androgen deprivation therapy on PSMA ligand PET/CT in patients with castration-sensitive prostate cancer

Afshar Oromieh, Ali; Debus, Nils; Uhrig, Monika; Hope, Thomas A.; Evans, Michael J.; Holland-Letz, Tim; Giesel, Frederik L.; Kopka, Klaus; Hadaschik, Boris; Kratochwil, Clemens; Haberkorn, Uwe (2018). Impact of long-term androgen deprivation therapy on PSMA ligand PET/CT in patients with castration-sensitive prostate cancer. European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging, 45(12), pp. 2045-2054. Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00259-018-4079-z

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PURPOSE: Since the introduction of PSMA PET/CT with 68Ga-PSMA-11, this modality for imaging prostate cancer (PC) has spread worldwide. Preclinical studies have demonstrated that short-term androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) can significantly increase PSMA expression on PC cells. Additionally, retrospective clinical data in large patient cohorts suggest a positive association between ongoing ADT and a pathological PSMA PET/CT scan. The present evaluation was conducted to further analyse the influence of long-term ADT on PSMA PET/CT findings. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of all 1,704 patients who underwent a 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT scan at our institution from 2011 to 2017 to detect PC. Of 306 patients scanned at least twice, 10 had started and continued ADT with a continuous clinical response between the two PSMA PET/CT scans. These ten patients were included in the current analysis which compared the tracer uptake intensity and volume of PC lesions on PSMA PET/CT before and during ongoing ADT. RESULTS: Overall, 31 PC lesions were visible in all ten patients before initiation of ADT. However, during ongoing ADT (duration 42-369 days, median 230 days), only 14 lesions were visible in eight of the ten patients. The average tracer uptake values decreased in 71% and increased in 12.9% of the PC lesions. Of all lesions, 33.3% were still visible in six patients with a complete PSA response (≤0.1 ng/ml). CONCLUSION: Continuous long-term ADT significantly reduces the visibility of castration-sensitive PC on PSMA PET/CT. If the objective is visualization of the maximum possible extent of disease, we recommend referring patients for PSMA PET/CT before starting ADT. KEYWORDS: 68Ga-PSMA-11; Androgen deprivation therapy; PET/CT; PSMA; Prostate cancer; Prostate-specific membrane antigen

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Clinic of Nuclear Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Afshar Oromieh, Ali


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Sabine Lanz

Date Deposited:

01 Feb 2019 15:40

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 09:11

Publisher DOI:


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