Clinical Routine FDG-PET Imaging of Suspected Progressive Supranuclear Palsy and Corticobasal Degeneration: A Gatekeeper for Subsequent Tau-PET Imaging?

Beyer, Leonie; Meyer-Wilmes, Johanna; Schönecker, Sonja; Schnabel, Jonas; Brendel, Eva; Prix, Catharina; Nübling, Georg; Unterrainer, Marcus; Albert, Nathalie L.; Pogarell, Oliver; Perneczky, Robert; Catak, Cihan; Bürger, Katharina; Bartenstein, Peter; Bötzel, Kai; Levin, Johannes; Rominger, Axel Oliver; Brendel, Matthias (2018). Clinical Routine FDG-PET Imaging of Suspected Progressive Supranuclear Palsy and Corticobasal Degeneration: A Gatekeeper for Subsequent Tau-PET Imaging? Frontiers in neurology, 9(483), p. 483. Frontiers Media S.A. 10.3389/fneur.2018.00483

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Background: F-18-fluordeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is widely used for discriminative diagnosis of tau-positive atypical parkinsonian syndromes (T+APS). This approach now stands to be augmented with more specific tau tracers. Therefore, we retrospectively analyzed a large clinical routine dataset of FDG-PET images for evaluation of the strengths and limitations of stand-alone FDG-PET. Methods: A total of 117 patients (age 68.4 ± 11.1 y) underwent an FDG-PET exam. Patients were followed clinically for a minimum of one year and their final clinical diagnosis was recorded. FDG-PET was rated visually (positive/negative) and categorized as high, moderate or low likelihood of T+APS and other neurodegenerative disorders. We then calculated positive and negative predictive values (PPV/NPV) of FDG-PET readings for the different subgroups relative to their final clinical diagnosis. Results: Suspected diagnoses were confirmed by clinical follow-up (≥1 y) for 62 out of 117 (53%) patients. PPV was excellent when FDG-PET indicated a high likelihood of T+APS in combination with low to moderate likelihood of another neurodegenerative disorder. PPV was distinctly lower when FDG-PET indicated only a moderate likelihood of T+APS or when there was deemed equal likelihood of other neurodegenerative disorder. NPV of FDG-PET with a low likelihood for T+APS was high. Conclusions: FDG-PET has high value in clinical routine evaluation of suspected T+APS, gaining satisfactory differential diagnosis in two thirds of the patients. One third of patients would potentially profit from further evaluation by more specific radioligands, with FDG-PET serving gatekeeper function for the more expensive methods.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Clinic of Nuclear Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Rominger, Axel Oliver

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1664-2295

Publisher:

Frontiers Media S.A.

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sabine Lanz

Date Deposited:

01 Feb 2019 15:23

Last Modified:

09 Jan 2020 01:30

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fneur.2018.00483

PubMed ID:

29973914

Uncontrolled Keywords:

F-18-FDG; PET; atypical parkinsonian syndrome; clinical routine; corticobasal degeneration; progressive supranuclear palsy

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.125647

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/125647

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