Epidemiology, risk factors and outcomes of invasive aspergillosis in solid organ transplant recipients in the Swiss Transplant Cohort Study.

Neofytos, D; Chatzis, O; Nasioudis, D; Boely Janke, E; Doco Lecompte, T; Garzoni, Christian; Berger, C; Cussini, A; Boggian, K; Khanna, N; Manuel, O; Mueller, N J; van Delden, C (2018). Epidemiology, risk factors and outcomes of invasive aspergillosis in solid organ transplant recipients in the Swiss Transplant Cohort Study. Transplant infectious disease, 20(4), e12898. Wiley 10.1111/tid.12898

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BACKGROUND There is lack of recent multicenter epidemiological data on invasive aspergillosis (IA) among solid organ transplant recipient (SOTr) in the mold-acting antifungal era. We describe the epidemiology and outcomes of IA in a contemporary cohort of SOTr using the Swiss Transplant Cohort Study. METHODS All consecutive SOTr with proven or probable IA between 01.05.2008 and 31.12.2014 were included. A case-control study to identify IA predictors was performed: 1-case was matched with 3-controls based on SOT type, transplant center, and time post-SOT. RESULTS Among 2868 SOTr, 70 (2.4%) patients were diagnosed with proven (N: 30/70, 42.9%) or probable (N: 40/70, 57.1%) IA. The incidence of IA was 8.3%, 7.1%, 2.6%, 1.3%, and 1.2% in lung, heart, combined, kidney, and liver transplant recipients, respectively, Galactomannan immunoassay was positive in 1/3 of patients tested. Only 33/63 (52.4%) of patients presented with typical pulmonary radiographic findings. Predictors of IA included: renal insufficiency, re-operation, and bacterial and viral infections. 12-week mortality was higher in liver (85.7%, 6/7) compared to other (15.9%, 10/63; P < .001) SOTr. CONCLUSIONS Invasive aspergillosis remains a rare complication post-SOT, with atypical radiographic presentations and low positivity rates of biomarkers posing significant diagnostic challenges. Although overall mortality has decreased in SOTr, it remains high in liver SOTr.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Infectiology

UniBE Contributor:

Garzoni, Christian

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1398-2273

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Lilian Karin Smith-Wirth

Date Deposited:

02 Apr 2019 09:01

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 23:42

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/tid.12898

PubMed ID:

29668068

Uncontrolled Keywords:

epidemiology invasive aspergillosis solid organ transplant recipients

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.125780

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/125780

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