Evaluation of plasma angiopoietin-2 and vascular endothelial growth factor in healthy dogs and dogs with systemic inflammatory response syndrome or sepsis.

König, Maya Laura; Nentwig, Alice; Marti, Eliane Isabelle; Mirkovitch, Jelena; Adamik, Katja; Schuller, Simone (2019). Evaluation of plasma angiopoietin-2 and vascular endothelial growth factor in healthy dogs and dogs with systemic inflammatory response syndrome or sepsis. Journal of veterinary internal medicine, 33(2), pp. 569-577. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/jvim.15369

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BACKGROUND: Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are regulators of endothelial permeability. OBJECTIVE: Plasma concentrations of Ang-2 and VEGF are increased in dogs with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and sepsis and are correlated with disease severity and outcome. ANIMALS: Healthy dogs (n = 18) and client-owned dogs with SIRS (n = 34) or sepsis (n = 25). METHODS: Prospective observational study. Ang-2 and VEGF concentrations in admission plasma samples were compared between healthy dogs and dogs with SIRS or sepsis, and between survivors and non-survivors. Correlations with the acute patient physiologic and laboratory evaluation (APPLEfast ) disease severity score were examined. RESULTS: Median Ang-2 was significantly higher in dogs with SIRS (19.3; interquartile range [IQR]: 8.6-25.7 ng/mL) and sepsis (21.2; IQR: 10.3-30.1 ng/mL) compared to healthy dogs (7.6; IQR: 6.7-9.8 ng/mL). Ang-2 was significantly higher in non-survivors (24.1; IQR: 11.9-50.0 ng/mL) than survivors (10.2; IQR: 7.2-21.5 ng/mL) but did not correlate with the APPLEfast score. Admission Ang-2 predicted negative outcome in dogs with SIRS and sepsis with reasonable accuracy (area under the curve [AUC]: 0.75, confidence interval [CI]: 0.59-0.85; sensitivity: 0.5, CI: 0.29-0.71; specificity: 0.87, CI: 0.75-0.95); differentiation between sepsis and SIRS was poor (AUC: 0.58). Plasma VEGF was significantly higher in dogs with sepsis (45; IQR: 14-107.5 pg/mL) than in dogs with SIRS (3.3; IQR: 0-35.6 pg/mL) or healthy dogs (0; IQR: 0 pg/mL; P = 0.008). VEGF was significantly (P = .0004) higher in non-survivors (34.5; IQR: 0-105.7 pg/mL) than in survivors (0; IQR: 0-55.2 pg/mL). The ability of VEGF to predict a negative outcome was poor. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Ang-2 may represent a useful additional prognostic marker in dogs with SIRS.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic > Small Animal Clinic, Internal Medicine
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Experimental Clinical Research
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic > Intensive Care Unit, Small Animal Clinic
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

König, Maya Laura; Nentwig, Alice; Marti, Eliane Isabelle; Mirkovitch, Jelena; Adamik, Katja and Schuller, Simone

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0891-6640

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Katja Adamik

Date Deposited:

20 Mar 2019 08:27

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 18:03

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/jvim.15369

PubMed ID:

30575998

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.125836

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/125836

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