The Bernese Motive and Goal Inventory for Adolescence and Young Adulthood

Gut, Vanessa; Schmid, Julia; Schmid, Jürg; Conzelmann, Achim (2019). The Bernese Motive and Goal Inventory for Adolescence and Young Adulthood. Frontiers in psychology, 9, p. 2785. Frontiers Research Foundation 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02785

[img]
Preview
Text
Gut_etal_2019_The Bernese Motive and Goal Inventory for adolescence and young adulthood.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY).

Download (190kB) | Preview

Exercise- and sport-related motives and goals are important motivational factors in promoting exercise and sport among adolescents and young adults. However, at present, there is no well-validated instrument to assess these factors that considers age-specific characteristics. Therefore, the goals of this study were to adapt the existing Bernese Motive and Goal Inventory in exercise and sport for middle-aged adults for use in adolescents and young adults and to examine its psychometric properties. The Bernese Motive and Goal Inventory for adolescence and young adulthood was validated with 2,318 participants aged between 14 to 34 years old. Applying exploratory structural equation modeling, the inventory demonstrated excellent model fit (CFI = 0.983, SRMR = 0.014, RMSEA = 0.040) using 26 items and covering eight motives and goals: Contact, Competition/Performance, Distraction/Catharsis, Body/Appearance, Health, Fitness, Aesthetics, and Risk/Challenge. A cross-validation confirmed the factor structure. Psychometric analyses revealed good reliabilities (CR ≥ 0.70, AVE ≥ 0.50, test-retest reliability: 0.62 ≤ r tt ≤ 0.83) and discriminant validity. The factors correlated, in predictable ways, with exercise- and sport-related self-concordance, indicating criterion validity of the inventory. Additionally, metric measurement invariance was supported for activity levels, gender, and age. Overall, the Bernese Motive and Goal Inventory for adolescence and young adulthood is an age-specific, economical, and psychometrically sound questionnaire to assess exercise- and sport-related motives and goals. The inventory can be used in the practical field of exercise and sport promotion (e.g., sport counseling), as well as in research, to better understand the mechanisms and effects of motives and goals in exercise and sport.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science I

UniBE Contributor:

Gut, Vanessa; Schmid, Julia; Schmid, Jürg and Conzelmann, Achim

Subjects:

700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISSN:

1664-1078

Publisher:

Frontiers Research Foundation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Vanessa Gut

Date Deposited:

05 Feb 2019 12:33

Last Modified:

12 May 2019 02:34

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02785

PubMed ID:

30740081

Uncontrolled Keywords:

sport- and exercise-related motives and goals, German questionnaire, physical activity, motivation, exploratory structural equation modeling, adolescence, early adulthood, measurement invariance

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.125882

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/125882

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback