The mantle source of island arc magmatism during early subduction: Evidence from Hf isotopes in rutile from the Jijal Complex (Kohistan arc, Pakistan)

Ewing, Tanya A.; Müntener, Othmar (2018). The mantle source of island arc magmatism during early subduction: Evidence from Hf isotopes in rutile from the Jijal Complex (Kohistan arc, Pakistan). Lithos, 308-309, pp. 262-277. Elsevier 10.1016/j.lithos.2018.03.005

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The Cretaceous–Paleogene Kohistan arc complex, northern Pakistan, is renowned as one of the most complete sections through a preserved paleo-island arc. The Jijal Complex represents a fragment of the plutonic roots of the Kohistan arc, formed during its early intraoceanic history. We present the first Hf isotope determinations for the Jijal Complex, made on rutile from garnet gabbros. These lithologies are zircon-free, but contain rutile that formed as an early phase. Recent developments in analytical capabilities coupled with a careful analytical and data reduction protocol allow the accurate determination of Hf isotope composition for rutile with <30 ppm Hf for the first time. Rutile from the analysed samples contains 5–35 ppm Hf, with sample averages of 13–17 ppm. Rutile from five samples from the Jijal Complex mafic section, sampling ~2 km of former crustal thickness, gave indistinguishable Hf isotope compositions with εHf(i) ranging from 11.4 ± 3.2 to 20.1 ± 5.7. These values are within error of or only slightly more enriched than modern depleted mantle. The analysed samples record variable degrees of interaction with late-stage melt segregations, which produced symplectitic overprints on the main mineral assemblage as well as pegmatitic segregations of hydrous minerals. The indistinguishable εHf(i) across this range of lithologies demonstrates the robust preservation of the Hf isotope composition of rutile. The Hf isotope data, combined with previously published Nd isotope data for the Jijal Complex garnet gabbros, favour derivation from an inherently enriched, Indian Ocean type mantle. This implies a smaller contribution from subducted sediments than if the source was a normal (Pacific-type) depleted mantle. The Jijal Complex thus had only a limited recycled continental crustal component in its source, and represents a largely juvenile addition of new continental crust during the early phases of intraoceanic magmatism. The ability to determine the Hf isotope composition of rutile with low Hf contents is an important development for zircon-free mafic lithologies. This study highlights the potential of Hf isotope analysis of rutile to characterise the most juvenile deep arc crust cumulates worldwide.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences > Petrology
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Ewing, Tanya

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0024-4937

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Tanya Ewing

Date Deposited:

28 May 2019 13:14

Last Modified:

26 Oct 2019 08:25

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.lithos.2018.03.005

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Hf isotopes; Rutile; Kohistan; Jijal Complex; Island arc; Indian mantle; Subducted sediment

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.126045

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/126045

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