Short communication: Mammary gland tight junction permeability after parturition is greater in dairy cows with elevated circulating serotonin concentrations.

Kessler, Evelyne Cécile; Wall-Villez, Samantha Kay; Gross, Josef Johann; Bruckmaier, Rupert; Hernandez, Laura L (2019). Short communication: Mammary gland tight junction permeability after parturition is greater in dairy cows with elevated circulating serotonin concentrations. Journal of dairy science, 102(2), pp. 1768-1774. American Dairy Science Association 10.3168/jds.2018-15543

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After parturition, the start of copious milk production in dairy cows requires the closure of tight junctions (TJ) to form the blood-milk barrier and prevent paracellular transfer of blood constituents into milk [e.g., lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and serum albumin (SA)] and vice versa [e.g., appearance of α-lactalbumin (α-LA) in blood]. Serotonin (5-HT) has been demonstrated to alter tight junction permeability in the mammary gland. The present study investigated individual differences of TJ permeability of mammary epithelium at the beginning of lactation in relation to circulating 5-HT in dairy cows. Blood and milk samples were obtained from 11 multiparous Holstein dairy cows for the first time at 4 h after parturition, at the following 5 milkings, and at the evening milkings on d 5, 8, 10, and 14 of lactation. Retrospectively, cows were split into 2 groups according to their calculated areas under the curve of serum 5-HT during the entire experimental period: a high-serum 5-HT (HSS) group (5 cows) and a low-serum 5-HT (LSS) group (6 cows). The areas under the curve of serum 5-HT concentrations over the 324-h experimental period were 62 ± 2 × 10 ng/mL in HSS and 25 ± 5 × 10 ng/mL in LSS. Plasma α-LA concentration was greater in LSS than in HSS cows at the first milking, but no difference between groups was found from the second to sixth milking. Yield of α-LA in milk was lower in HSS than in LSS during the first 6 milkings postpartum, especially in colostrum. Concentrations of α-LA, IgG, and IgG in milk did not differ between groups during the entire experiment except for higher IgG observed in LSS than in HSS at the second milking and for higher IgG found in HSS compared with LSS on d 5. In contrast, SA concentrations and LDH activity in milk were lower in LSS compared with HSS cows during the first 6 milkings postpartum, particularly in colostrum. Milk somatic cell count was higher in HSS than in LSS throughout the study. Higher circulating 5-HT concentrations were associated with an increased transfer of the paracellularly transported SA, LDH, and somatic cell count, especially at the first milking, suggesting that 5-HT affects TJ permeability during closure of the blood-milk barrier at the onset of lactation. Furthermore, higher serum 5-HT concentrations were associated with a lower α-LA yield in milk. A consistent relationship with serum 5-HT concentrations was neither observed for the transfer of IgG nor the primarily transcellular transport of IgG during the first milkings after parturition.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Physiology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Kessler, Evelyne Cécile; Wall-Villez, Samantha Kay; Gross, Josef Johann and Bruckmaier, Rupert

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0022-0302

Publisher:

American Dairy Science Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Hélène Elisabeth Meier

Date Deposited:

08 Apr 2019 18:21

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 07:57

Publisher DOI:

10.3168/jds.2018-15543

PubMed ID:

30580948

Uncontrolled Keywords:

blood–milk barrier dairy cow onset of lactation serotonin tight junctions

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.126172

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/126172

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