Associating short-arc range and angle measurements of objects in LEO

Vananti, Alessandro; Schildknecht, Thomas (2018). Associating short-arc range and angle measurements of objects in LEO. In: 69th International Astronautical Congress. International Astronautical Federation ( IAF )

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Observations of space debris objects in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) regime are usually conducted with radars. The observations may consist of sequences of range and angle measurements, so-called tracklets, usually covering only short arcs of the orbit. The association of two or more sequences is necessary to calculate an initial orbit of the observed space object with sufficient accuracy. Orbits can be derived from observations in a single short arc and can be associated according to an orbital matching criterion. In this work the association of more than two short-arc tracklets is studied. A multiple hypothesis approach is compared to a global approach based on a genetic algorithm. Different aspects related to initial orbit determination and orbital matching are also analysed. In particular, for the latter the Euclidean metric is applied to vectors in the orbital element space.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Astronomy

UniBE Contributor:

Vananti, Alessandro and Schildknecht, Thomas


500 Science > 520 Astronomy




International Astronautical Federation ( IAF )




Alessandro Vananti

Date Deposited:

28 May 2019 14:48

Last Modified:

23 Jan 2020 10:35




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