Four soil phosphorus (P) tests evaluated by plant P uptake and P balancing in the Ultuna long-term field experiment

Jarosch, Klaus; Santner, Jakob; Parvage, Mohammed Masud; Gerzabek, Martin Hubert; Zehetner, Franz; Kirchmann, Holger (2018). Four soil phosphorus (P) tests evaluated by plant P uptake and P balancing in the Ultuna long-term field experiment. Plant, Soil and Environment, 64(9), pp. 441-447. Institute of Agricultural Economics and Information 10.17221/313/2018-PSE

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Soil phosphorus (P) availability was assessed with four different soil P tests on seven soils of the Ultuna long-term field experiment (Sweden). These four soil P tests were (1) P-H2O (water extractable P); (2) P-H2OC10 (water extractable P upon 10 consecutive extractions); (3) P-AL (ammonium lactate extractable P) and (4) P-CDGT (P desorbable using diffusive gradients in thin films). The suitability of these soil P tests to predict P availability was assessed by correlation with plant P uptake (mean of preceding 11 years) and soil P balancing (input vs. output on plot level for a period of 54 years). The ability to predict these parameters was in the order P-H2OC10 > P-CDGT > P-H2O > P-AL. Thus, methods considering the P-resupply from the soil solid phase to soil solution performed clearly better than equilibrium-based extractions. Our findings suggest that the P-AL test, commonly used for P-fertilizer recommendations in Sweden, could not predict plant P uptake and the soil P balance in a satisfying way in the analysed soils.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography > Unit Soil Science
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography

UniBE Contributor:

Jarosch, Klaus

Subjects:

900 History > 910 Geography & travel
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

1214-1178

Publisher:

Institute of Agricultural Economics and Information

Language:

English

Submitter:

Klaus Jarosch

Date Deposited:

22 Mar 2019 12:52

Last Modified:

22 Mar 2019 12:52

Publisher DOI:

10.17221/313/2018-PSE

Uncontrolled Keywords:

soil testing; macronutrient; phosphorus desorption; nutrition; fertilization; saturation index

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.126560

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/126560

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