Interruptions, Unreasonable Tasks, and Quality-Threatening Time Pressure in Home Care: Linked to Attention Deficits and Slips, Trips, and Falls

Elfering, Achim; Kottwitz, Maria U.; Häfliger, Evelyne; Celik, Zehra; Grebner, Simone (2018). Interruptions, Unreasonable Tasks, and Quality-Threatening Time Pressure in Home Care: Linked to Attention Deficits and Slips, Trips, and Falls. Safety and health at work, 9(4), pp. 434-440. Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute 10.1016/j.shaw.2018.02.001

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Background: In industrial countries, home care of community dwelling elderly people is rapidly growing. Frequent injuries in home caregivers result from slips, trips, and falls (STFs). The current study tests attentional cognitive failure to mediate the association between work stressors and STFs. Methods: A sample of 125 home caregivers participated in a questionnaire study and reported work interruptions, unreasonable tasks, quality-threatening time pressure, conscientiousness, attentional cognitive failures, and STFs. Results: In structural equation modeling, the mediation model was shown to fit empirical data. Indirect paths with attentional cognitive failures as the link between work stressors and STF were all significant in bootstrapping tests. An alternative accident-prone person model, that suggests individual differences in conscientiousness to predict attentional cognitive failures that predict more frequent work stressors and STFs, showed no significant paths between work conditions and STFs. Conclusion: To prevent occupational injury, work should be redesigned to reduce work interruptions, unreasonable tasks, and quality-threatening time pressure in home care.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Work and Organisational Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Elfering, Achim and Grebner, Simone Irmgard

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology

ISSN:

2093-7911

Publisher:

Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christine Soltermann

Date Deposited:

16 May 2019 08:50

Last Modified:

16 May 2019 08:50

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.shaw.2018.02.001

PubMed ID:

30559992

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.126638

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/126638

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