Time Pressure, Time Autonomy, and Sickness Absenteeism in Hospital Employees: A Longitudinal Study on Organizational Absenteeism Records

Kottwitz, Maria U.; Schade, Volker; Burger, Christian; Radlinger, Lorenz; Elfering, Achim (2018). Time Pressure, Time Autonomy, and Sickness Absenteeism in Hospital Employees: A Longitudinal Study on Organizational Absenteeism Records. Safety and health at work, 9(1), pp. 109-114. Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute 10.1016/j.shaw.2017.06.013

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Background: Although work absenteeism is in the focus of occupational health, longitudinal studies on organizational absenteeism records in hospital work are lacking. This longitudinal study tests time pressure and lack of time autonomy to be related to higher sickness absenteeism. Methods: Data was collected for 180 employees (45% nurses) of a Swiss hospital at baseline and at follow-up after 1 year. Absent times (hours per month) were received from the human resources department of the hospital. One-year follow-up of organizational absenteeism records were regressed on self-reported job satisfaction, time pressure, and time autonomy (i.e., control) at baseline. Results: A multivariate regression showed significant prediction of absenteeism by time pressure at baseline and time autonomy, indicating that a stress process is involved in some sickness absenteeism behavior. Job satisfaction and the interaction of time pressure and time autonomy did not predict sickness absenteeism. Conclusion: Results confirmed time pressure and time autonomy as limiting factors in healthcare and a key target in work redesign.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Work and Organisational Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Elfering, Achim

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology

ISSN:

2093-7911

Publisher:

Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christine Soltermann

Date Deposited:

16 May 2019 08:52

Last Modified:

16 May 2019 08:52

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.shaw.2017.06.013

PubMed ID:

30363089

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.126650

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/126650

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