Molecular dissection of early defense signaling underlying volatile-mediated defense regulation and herbivore resistance in rice

Ye, Meng; Glauser, Gaétan; Lou, Yonggen; Erb, Matthias; Hu, Lingfei (2019). Molecular dissection of early defense signaling underlying volatile-mediated defense regulation and herbivore resistance in rice. The Plant Cell, 31(3), pp. 687-698. American Society of Plant Biologists 10.1105/tpc.18.00569

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Herbivore-induced plant volatiles prime plant defenses and resistance. How volatiles are integrated into early defense signaling is not well understood. Furthermore, whether there is a causal relationship between volatile defense priming and herbivore resistance is unclear. Here, we investigated the impact of indole, a common herbivore-induced plant volatile and known modulator of a wide range of physiological processes in plants, bacteria and animals, on early defense signaling and herbivore resistance in rice. We show that rice plants infested by Spodoptera frugiperda caterpillars release indole up to 25 ng*h-1. Exposure to equal doses of exogenous indole enhances rice resistance to S. frugiperda. Screening of early signaling components reveals that indole pre-exposure directly enhances the expression of the receptor like kinase OsLRR-RLK1. Furthermore, indole-pre exposure followed by simulated herbivory increases (i.e. primes) the transcription, accumulation and activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase OsMPK3 as well as the expression of the downstream WRKY transcription factor OsWRKY70 and several jasmonate biosynthesis genes, resulting in a higher accumulation of jasmonic acid (JA). Using transgenic plants defective in early signaling, we show that OsMPK3 is required, and that OsMPK6 and OsWRKY70 contribute to indole-mediated defense priming of JA-dependent herbivore resistance. We conclude that herbivore-induced plant volatiles can increase herbivore resistance of plants through positive regulation of early defense signaling components.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Biotic Interactions

UniBE Contributor:

Ye, Meng; Erb, Matthias and Hu, Lingfei

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

1040-4651

Publisher:

American Society of Plant Biologists

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

12 Apr 2019 15:55

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 18:28

Publisher DOI:

10.1105/tpc.18.00569

PubMed ID:

30760558

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.126772

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/126772

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