[Lung cancer screening].

Prosch, H; Ebner, Lukas (2019). [Lung cancer screening]. Der Radiologe, 59(1), pp. 19-22. Springer 10.1007/s00117-018-0478-1

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CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE The National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) in 2011 was able to prove for the first time that screening with a low-dose CT can reduce lung carcinoma mortality by 20%. Despite the positive outcome of the NLST, there is-unlike in the USA-currently no systematic lung cancer screening in Europe. This is partly because several significantly smaller screening studies in Europe failed to show any improvement in lung cancer mortality. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS On the other hand, Europe's healthcare systems differ substantially from those in the United States, so that a direct transfer of US experience to Europe is not possible. For this reason, guidelines for lung cancer screening must be developed in the individual European countries to ensure that lung cancer mortality can be reduced by means of a quality-assured and cost-effective lung cancer screening. PRACTICAL RECOMMENDATIONS The experience and the expected results of the European screening studies can provide valuable help for these purposes.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology

UniBE Contributor:

Ebner, Lukas

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1432-2102

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

German

Submitter:

Maria de Fatima Henriques Bernardo

Date Deposited:

12 Apr 2019 17:10

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 10:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00117-018-0478-1

PubMed ID:

30542924

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Cost efficacy Health care systems Pulmonary nodules Risk models Study data

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.126900

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/126900

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