Multireader Determination of Clinically Significant Obstruction Using Hyperpolarized Xe-Ventilation MRI.

Ebner, Lukas; Virgincar, Rohan S; He, Mu; Choudhury, Kingshuk R; Robertson, Scott H; Christe, Andreas; Mileto, Achille; Mammarapallil, Joseph G; McAdams, H Page; Driehuys, Bastiaan; Roos, Justus E (2019). Multireader Determination of Clinically Significant Obstruction Using Hyperpolarized Xe-Ventilation MRI. American Journal of Roentgenology, 212(4), pp. 758-765. American Roentgen Ray Society 10.2214/AJR.18.20036

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The objective of our study was to identify the magnitude and distribution of ventilation defect scores (VDSs) derived from hyperpolarized (HP) Xe-MRI associated with clinically relevant airway obstruction.


From 2012 to 2015, 76 subjects underwent HP Xe-MRI (48 healthy volunteers [mean age ± SD, 54 ± 17 years]; 20 patients with asthma [mean age, 44 ± 20 years]; eight patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [mean age, 67 ± 5 years]). All subjects underwent spirometry 1 day before MRI to establish the presence of airway obstruction (forced expiratory volume in 1 second-to-forced vital capacity ratio [FEV/FVC] < 70%). Five blinded readers assessed the degree of ventilation impairment and assigned a VDS (range, 0-100%). Interreader agreement was assessed using the Fleiss kappa statistic. Using FEV/FVC as the reference standard, the optimum VDS threshold for the detection of airway obstruction was estimated using ROC curve analysis with 10-fold cross-validation.


Compared with the VDSs in healthy subjects, VDSs in patients with airway obstruction were significantly higher (p < 0.0001) and significantly correlated with disease severity (r = 0.66, p < 0.0001). Ventilation defects in subjects with airway obstruction did not show a location-specific pattern (p = 0.158); however, defects in healthy control subjects were more prevalent in the upper lungs (p = 0.014). ROC curve analysis yielded an optimal threshold of 12.4% ± 6.1% (mean ± SD) for clinically significant VDS. Interreader agreement for Xe-MRI was substantial (κ = 0.71).


This multireader study of a diverse cohort of patients and control subjects suggests a Xe-ventilation MRI VDS of 12.4% or greater represents clinically significant obstruction.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology

UniBE Contributor:

Ebner, Lukas, Christe, Andreas


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




American Roentgen Ray Society




Maria de Fatima Henriques Bernardo

Date Deposited:

21 May 2019 09:19

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:26

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

MRI airway obstruction asthma chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) xenon




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