Safety of 80% vs 30-35% fraction of inspired oxygen in patients undergoing surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Mattishent, Katharina; Thavarajah, Menaka; Sinha, Ashnish; Peel, Adam; Egger, Matthias; Solomkin, Joseph; de Jonge, Stijn; Latif, Asad; Berenholtz, Sean; Allegranzi, Benedetta; Loke, Yoon Kong (2019). Safety of 80% vs 30-35% fraction of inspired oxygen in patients undergoing surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis. British journal of anaesthesia, 122(3), pp. 311-324. Oxford University Press 10.1016/j.bja.2018.11.026

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BACKGROUND Evidence-based guidelines from the World Health Organization (WHO) have recommended a high (80%) fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO) to reduce surgical site infection in adult surgical patients undergoing general anaesthesia with tracheal intubation. However, there is ongoing debate over the safety of high FiO. We performed a systematic review to define the relative risk of clinically relevant adverse events (AE) associated with high FiO. METHODS We reviewed potentially relevant articles from the WHO review supporting the recommendation, including an updated (July 2018) search of EMBASE and PubMed for randomised and non-randomised controlled studies reporting AE in surgical patients receiving 80% FiO compared with 30-35% FiO. We assessed study quality and performed meta-analyses of risk ratios (RR) comparing 80% FiO against 30-35% for major complications, mortality, and intensive care admission. RESULTS We included 17 moderate-good quality trials and two non-randomised studies with serious-critical risk of bias. No evidence of harm with high FiO was found for major AE in the meta-analysis of randomised trials: atelectasis RR 0.91 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.59-1.42); cardiovascular events RR 0.90 (95% CI 0.32-2.54); intensive care admission RR 0.93 (95% CI 0.7-1.12); and death during the trial RR 0.49 (95% CI 0.17-1.37). One non-randomised study reported that high FiO was associated with major respiratory AE [RR 1.99 (95% CI 1.72-2.31)]. CONCLUSIONS No definite signal of harm with 80% FiO in adult surgical patients undergoing general anaesthesia was demonstrated and there is little evidence on safety-related issues to discourage its use in this population.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Egger, Matthias

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

0007-0912

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Beatrice Minder Wyssmann

Date Deposited:

05 Mar 2019 17:38

Last Modified:

21 Nov 2019 04:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.bja.2018.11.026

PubMed ID:

30770049

Uncontrolled Keywords:

adverse events general anaesthesia high FiO(2) hyperoxia peri-operative outcome surgical site infection surgical wound infection

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.127361

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/127361

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