Transcranial magnetic motor evoked potentials and magnetic resonance imaging findings in paraplegic dogs with recovery of motor function.

Siedenburg, JS; Wang-Leandro, A; Amendt, HL; Rohn, K; Tipold, A; Stein, Veronika Maria (2018). Transcranial magnetic motor evoked potentials and magnetic resonance imaging findings in paraplegic dogs with recovery of motor function. Journal of veterinary internal medicine, 32(3), pp. 1116-1125. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/jvim.15058

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BACKGROUND:

Transcranial magnetic motor evoked potentials (TMMEP) are associated with severity of clinical signs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in dogs with spinal cord disease.
HYPOTHESIS:

That in initially paraplegic dogs with thoracolumbar intervertebral disc herniation (IVDH), MRI findings before surgery and TMMEPs obtained after decompressive surgery are associated with long-term neurological status and correlate with each other.
ANIMALS:

Seventeen client-owned paraplegic dogs with acute thoracolumbar IVDH.
METHODS:

Prospective observational study. TMMEPs were obtained from pelvic limbs and MRI (3T) of the spinal cord was performed at initial clinical presentation. Follow-up studies were performed ≤ 2 days after reappearance of motor function and 3 months later. Ratios of compression length, intramedullary hyperintensities' length (T2-weighted hyperintensity length ratio [T2WLR]), and lesion extension (T2-weighted-lesion extension ratio) in relation to the length of the 2nd lumbar vertebral body were calculated.
RESULTS:

TMMEPs could be elicited in 10/17 (59%) dogs at 1st and in 16/17 (94%) dogs at 2nd follow-up. Comparison of TMMEPs of 1st and 2nd follow-up showed significantly increased amplitudes (median from 0.19 to 0.45 mV) and decreased latencies (from 69.38 to 40.26 ms; P = .01 and .001, respectively). At 2nd follow-up latencies were significantly associated with ambulatory status (P = .024). T2WLR obtained before surgery correlated with latencies at 2nd follow-up (P = .04).
CONCLUSIONS:

TMMEP reflect motor function recovery after severe spinal cord injury.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DKV - Clinical Neurology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)

UniBE Contributor:

Stein, Veronika Maria

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0891-6640

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Veronika Maria Stein

Date Deposited:

13 May 2019 10:52

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 00:46

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/jvim.15058

PubMed ID:

29566440

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.127362

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/127362

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