Improving GLONASS Orbit Quality by Re-estimating Satellite Antenna Offsets.

Dach, Rolf; Susnik, Andreja; Grahsl, Andrea; Villiger, Arturo; Schaer, Stefan; Arnold, Daniel; Prange, Lars; Jäggi, Adrian (2019). Improving GLONASS Orbit Quality by Re-estimating Satellite Antenna Offsets. Advances in space research, 63(12), pp. 3835-3847. Elsevier 10.1016/j.asr.2019.02.031

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Earlier studies performed at the Center for Orbit Determination in Europe (CODE) analysis center have revealed conspicuous signatures for certain GLONASS satellites when comparing their orbits with Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) measurements. In this study we show that this phenomenon can be significantly reduced when using horizontal satellite antenna offsets that differ from the nominal values used by the International GNSS Service (IGS) for specific intervals and satellites. Analysis of multi-year time series shows instantaneous changes in the satellite antenna offset parameters of several centimeters in the X- and Y-component whereas the Z-component is not affected. In some cases the offsets do not agree with the nominal values during the entire lifetime of the satellite. The magnitude of the deviation may vary between 5 to 15 cm. Using these re-estimated satellite antenna offsets in the orbit determination the residuals with respect to the Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) measurements are significantly reduced whereas the orbit misclosures for one-day arcs are too noisy to detect a positive or negative impact. It is difficult to reconstruct from the available information what actually caused the observed changes. However, changes in the carrier-to-noise density reported in the observation files in Receiver INdependent EXchange format (RINEX) by several IGS stations suggest an issue with the satellite antennas.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Astronomy

UniBE Contributor:

Dach, Rolf, Susnik, Andreja, Grahsl, Andrea, Villiger, Arturo, Schaer, Stefan, Arnold, Daniel, Prange, Lars, Jäggi, Adrian


500 Science > 520 Astronomy








Pierre Fridez

Date Deposited:

25 Apr 2019 08:12

Last Modified:

02 Mar 2023 23:31

Publisher DOI:





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