Bacillus anthracis as a cause of bovine abortion - a necropsy case requiring special biosafety measures.

Dettwiler, Martina Andrea; Mehinagic, Kemal; Gobeli, Stefanie; Thomann, Andreas; Feyer, Simon; Hüsser, Linda; Theubet, G; Gigandet, J; Rottenberg, Sven; Posthaus, Horst (2018). Bacillus anthracis as a cause of bovine abortion - a necropsy case requiring special biosafety measures. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 160(9), pp. 547-552. Gesellschaft Schweizer Tierärztinnen und Tierärzte 10.17236/sat00176

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INTRODUCTION In spring 2017, the first case of bovine anthrax in 20 years in Switzerland occurred in the canton of Jura. Carcasses of anthrax-deceased animals should not be opened due to the formation of highly resistant spores bearing the risk of environmental contamination and aerosolization. Nevertheless, in the course of this local outbreak, one sick cow from the affected farm, whose blood repeatedly tested negative for Bacillus anthracis, was necropsied after euthanasia under special biosafety precautions at the Institute of Animal Pathology, Vetsuisse-Faculty Bern. Necropsy revealed ventral edema, fetal death, necro-hemorrhagic placentitis and necrotizing iliac lymphadenitis. Bacillus anthracis was isolated only from placenta and altered lymph node. The biosafety measures taken during and after necropsy prevented a contamination of the necropsy environment, which was proven with bacteriological swabs. This case shows that anthrax may elicit unspecific symptoms mimicking other diseases, and veterinarians must be aware of these non-septicemic cases.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Veterinary Public Health / Herd Health Management
05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Host-Pathogen Interaction
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Animal Pathology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology

UniBE Contributor:

Dettwiler, Martina Andrea; Mehinagic, Kemal; Gobeli, Stefanie; Thomann, Andreas; Feyer, Simon; Rottenberg, Sven and Posthaus, Horst

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

0036-7281

Publisher:

Gesellschaft Schweizer Tierärztinnen und Tierärzte

Language:

English

Submitter:

Achim Braun Parham

Date Deposited:

23 May 2019 12:58

Last Modified:

28 May 2019 13:58

Publisher DOI:

10.17236/sat00176

PubMed ID:

30206051

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Anthrax Bacillus anthracis Biosicherheit Desinfektion Milzbrand Rinderabort Zoonose biosafety bovine abortion disinfection zoonosis

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.127531

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/127531

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