Absence of MHC-II expression by lymph node stromal cells results in autoimmunity.

Dubrot, Juan; Duraes, Fernanda V; Harlé, Guillaume; Schlaeppi, Anjalie; Brighouse, Dale; Madelon, Natacha; Göpfert, Christine; Stokar von Neuforn, Nadine; Acha-Orbea, Hans; Reith, Walter; Gannagé, Monique; Hugues, Stephanie (2018). Absence of MHC-II expression by lymph node stromal cells results in autoimmunity. Life science alliance, 1(6), e201800164. EMBO Press 10.26508/lsa.201800164

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How lymph node stromal cells (LNSCs) shape peripheral T-cell responses remains unclear. We have previously demonstrated that murine LNSCs, lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs), blood endothelial cells (BECs), and fibroblastic reticular cells (FRCs) use the IFN-γ-inducible promoter IV (pIV) of the MHC class II (MHCII) transactivator CIITA to express MHCII. Here, we show that aging mice (>1 yr old) in which MHCII is abrogated in LNSCs by the selective deletion of pIV exhibit a significant T-cell dysregulation in LNs, including defective Treg and increased effector CD4 and CD8 T-cell frequencies, resulting in enhanced peripheral organ T-cell infiltration and autoantibody production. The proliferation of LN-Tregs interacting with LECs increases following MHCII up-regulation by LECs upon aging or after exposure to IFN-γ, this effect being abolished in mice in which LECs lack MHCII. Overall, our work underpins the importance of LNSCs, particularly LECs, in supporting Tregs and T-cell tolerance.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Animal Pathology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Host-Pathogen Interaction
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)

UniBE Contributor:

Göpfert, Christine and Stokar von Neuforn, Nadine

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2575-1077

Publisher:

EMBO Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Achim Braun Parham

Date Deposited:

03 Jun 2019 09:00

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 03:57

Publisher DOI:

10.26508/lsa.201800164

PubMed ID:

30584641

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.127536

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/127536

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