Metabolic Patterns across core features in Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB)

Morbelli, Silvia; Chincarini, Andrea; Brendel, Matthias; Rominger, Axel Oliver; Bruffaerts, Rose; Vandenberghe, Rik; Kramberger, Milica G.; Trost, Maja; Garibotto, Valentina; Nicastro, Nicolas; Frisoni, Giovanni B.; Lemstra, Afina W.; van der Zande, Jessica; Pilotto, Andrea; Padovani, Alessandro; Garcia-Ptacek, Sara; Savitcheva, Irina; Ochoa-Figueroa, Miguel A; Davidsson, Annette; Camacho, Valle; ... (2019). Metabolic Patterns across core features in Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB). Annals of neurology, 85(5), pp. 715-725. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1002/ana.25453

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OBJECTIVE: To identify brain regions whose metabolic impairment contributes to DLB clinical core features expression and to assess the influence of severity of global cognitive impairment on the DLB-hypometabolic-pattern. METHODS: Brain FDG-PET and information on core features were available in 171 patients belonging to the imaging repository of the European DLB-consortium. Principal component analysis was applied to identify brain regions relevant to the local data variance. A linear regression model was applied to generate core feature-specific patterns controlling for the main confounding variables (MMSE, Age, Education, Gender, and Center). Regression analysis to the locally-normalized intensities was performed to generate a MMSE score-sensitive map. RESULTS: Parkinsonism negatively covaried with bilateral parietal, precuneus and anterior cingulate metabolism, visual-hallucinations with bilateral dorsolateral-frontal cortex, posterior cingulate and parietal metabolism and RBD with bilateral parieto-occipital cortex, precuneus and ventrolateral-frontal metabolism. VH and RBD shared a positive covariance with metabolism in medial temporal lobe, cerebellum, brainstem, basal ganglia, thalami, orbitofrontal and sensorimotor cortex. Cognitive fluctuations negatively covaried with occipital metabolism and positively with parietal lobes metabolism. MMSE positively covaried with metabolism in left superior frontal gyrus, bilateral-parietal cortex, and left precuneus, and negatively with metabolism in insula, medial frontal gyrus, hippocampus in the left hemisphere and in right cerebellum. INTERPRETATION: Regions of more preserved metabolism are relatively consistent across the variegate DLB spectrum. By contrast, core features were associated to more prominent hypometabolism in specific regions thus suggesting a close clinical-imaging correlation, reflecting the interplay between topography of neurodegeneration and clinical presentation in DLB patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Clinic of Nuclear Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Rominger, Axel Oliver

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0364-5134

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sabine Lanz

Date Deposited:

25 Jun 2019 09:55

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 04:40

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/ana.25453

PubMed ID:

30805951

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.127561

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/127561

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