Conservation versus local livelihoods? Sustainable development challenges in Madagascar

Zähringer, Julie Gwendolin; Ramamonjisoa, Bruno; Messerli, Peter (2018). Conservation versus local livelihoods? Sustainable development challenges in Madagascar (CDE Policy Brief 12). Bern, Switzerland: Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), University of Bern, with Bern Open Publishing (BOP)

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In the imagination of people worldwide, the island of Madagascar is synonymous with beautiful rainforests and exotic animals, like lemurs, found nowhere else. Often absent from this foreign view, however, are the island’s human inhabitants – the Malagasy people. Largely reliant on small-scale agriculture, they depend on land access to survive. With few agricultural inputs and little technology available, shifting cultivation is a well-adapted, rational land use practised by many Malagasy to grow staple crops. But as various factors – demographic, market-based, etc. – put the whole land use system under pressure, shifting cultivators are forced to expand their farming into remaining forests. This causes conflict with those who want to conserve Madagascar’s forests and biodiversity as a global good. To date, no environmentally just and equitable solutions have been found that ensure conservation of the region’s extraordinary biodiversity while enabling local land users to escape poverty and food insecurity.

Item Type:

Report (Report)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Centre for Development and Environment (CDE)

UniBE Contributor:

Zähringer, Julie Gwendolin and Messerli, Peter

Subjects:

900 History > 910 Geography & travel

ISSN:

2296-8687

Series:

CDE Policy Brief

Publisher:

Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), University of Bern, with Bern Open Publishing (BOP)

Projects:

[803] Cluster: Land Resources

Language:

Multilingual

Submitter:

Stephan Schmidt

Date Deposited:

09 May 2019 10:03

Last Modified:

26 Oct 2019 05:44

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.128142

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/128142

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