Protracted zircon geochronological record of UHT garnet-free granulites in the Southern Brasília orogen (SE Brazil): Petrochronological constraints on magmatism and metamorphism

Tedeschi, Mahyra; Pedrosa-Soares, Antonio; Dussin, Ivo; Lanari, Pierre; Novo, Tiago; Pinheiro, Marco Aurélio P.; Lana, Cristiano; Peters, Daniel (2018). Protracted zircon geochronological record of UHT garnet-free granulites in the Southern Brasília orogen (SE Brazil): Petrochronological constraints on magmatism and metamorphism. Precambrian research, 316, pp. 103-126. Elsevier 10.1016/j.precamres.2018.07.023

[img] Text
1-s2.0-S0301926817307027-main.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (8MB) | Request a copy

The investigation of ultrahigh temperature (UHT) metamorphic rocks, and their corresponding (pressure)-temperature-time (P-T-t) history is critical to distinguish between arc- or collision-related metamorphism. This is a very challenging task if mineral assemblages are highly retrogressed and isotopic systems are disturbed. Garnet-free granulites lacking accessory minerals (chronometers) and metamorphic index minerals (thermobarometers) located in UHT domains are examples of such complex systems. In such cases, zircon may be the main chronometer, although isotopic U-Pb data outline protracted records, making the interpretation of the data complex. This study focuses on the timing of magmatism and metamorphism, as well as on the thermal metamorphic conditions of garnet-free UHT granulites of the Guaxupé nappe, southernmost Brasília orogen, located close to the Paranapanema cratonic block. It presents U-Pb dating, Lu-Hf isotopes and trace element signatures of zircon, and thermometry on metamorphic clinopyroxene and orthopyroxene from granulites. Steady 176Hf/177Hf(t) in zircon cores exhibiting U-Pb dates spreading in the Concordia suggest post-crystallization disturbance. From those disturbed granulitic systems, minimum crystallization ages of ca. 2550 Ma, ca. 790 Ma, ca. 690 Ma and ca. 660 Ma can be retrieved. The juvenile ca. 2.55 Ga granulite is the first evidence of an exposed rock of the Paranapanema cratonic block, previously only inferred from geophysical data. The Guaxupé nappe records arc-related magmatic episodes in the range of 790–640 Ma, partially coeval with a long-lasting (∼80 m.y.) metamorphic event (670–590 Ma) and intrusion of basic magma (ca. 660 Ma). Thermometry on zoned clinopyroxene and orthopyroxene yields UHT conditions around 900–1000 °C. Comparing the distribution patterns of metamorphic zircon rims and newly formed grains, we suggest two distinct metamorphic stages: i) an arc-related metamorphism (670–640 Ma), recorded by domains possibly formed by subsolidus recrystallization; and ii) a continental collision to decompression involving partial melting (630–590 Ma) associated to extensive zircon crystallization. The temporal relationship between magmatic and metamorphic ages suggests an ultrahigh-temperature metamorphic event related to a magmatic arc. This arc was afterwards involved by the Guaxupé nappe stacking during the collisional stage of the southernmost Brasília orogen.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences > Petrology

UniBE Contributor:

Lanari, Pierre

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0301-9268

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pierre Lanari

Date Deposited:

18 Jun 2019 10:03

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 21:11

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.precamres.2018.07.023

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.129153

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/129153

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback