The interaction between strike-slip dominated fault zones and thrust belt structures: Insights from 4D analogue models

Fedorik, Jakub; Zwaan, Frank; Schreurs, Guido; Toscani, Giovanni; Bonini, Lorenzo; Seno, Silvio (2019). The interaction between strike-slip dominated fault zones and thrust belt structures: Insights from 4D analogue models. Journal of structural geology, 122, pp. 89-105. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jsg.2019.02.010

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Strike-slip motion is a fundamental tectonic process around the globe often resulting in prominent surface expressions. The full reconstruction and comprehension of strike-slip dominated structures can be a major challenge due to the complexity of the associated fault patterns. Further complexities occur when strike-slip dominated structures in the foreland interact with thrust belt fronts. Starting from a well-studied natural example (the Sciacca Fault Zone in the Sicilian Channel, Italy) we ran a set of analogue models simulating the interaction between strike-slip dominated fault zones and thrust structures using quartz sand as the analogue material and X-Ray Computed Tomography as a technique to carry out a 4D analysis of model internal structures. During a first phase, a thrust belt was created in our models, which was subsequently affected by a perpendicular fault system that underwent either pure strike-slip, 10°-, 20°-, 30°-transtensional, or 10°-, 20°-, 30°-transpressional motion. In general, transpressional models form pop-up structures, while the pure strike-slip model develops one sub-vertical fault bounded by two converging reverse faults. The 10˚-transtensional model generates a set of Riedel shear faults, which merge during the later stages of deformation. This model also shows a positive elevation change along the strike-slip dominated structures near the intersection with the thrust belt. The 20˚-transtensional model contains some Riedel shear faulting as well, but is dominated by two normal faults with steep dip angles and some minor sub-vertical strike-slip faults in between. This fault architecture is also observed in our 30˚-transtensional model. Three different tectonic regimes interacting with pre-existing and newly formed thrust front led to very different structural settings. These results were of help in better defining the tectonic regime that controlled the strike-slip dominated part of the Sciacca Fault Zone, but they show a fair match with other natural examples as well.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences > Tectonics

UniBE Contributor:

Zwaan, Frank and Schreurs, Guido

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0191-8141

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Guido Schreurs

Date Deposited:

31 May 2019 14:45

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 19:44

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jsg.2019.02.010

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.129323

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/129323

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