Consensus and Direct Democracy: Theoretical and Empirical Linkages

Vatter, Adrian (2000). Consensus and Direct Democracy: Theoretical and Empirical Linkages. European journal of political research, 38(2), pp. 171-192. Blackwell Publishing 10.1023/A:1007137026336

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

The first part of this paper draws a number oftheoretical connections between various forms ofdirect democracy and the two types of democracyoutlined by Lijphart. Plebiscites and mandatoryreferendums without quorums of consent are shown tocorrespond to majoritarian forms of democracy, whilstoptional referendums and initiatives with quorums ofconsent are shown to share similarities withpower-sharing forms. The second part of the paperoffers an empirical analysis of the different use ofcitizen-initiated referendums (optional referendumsand initiatives) in Switzerland's consensual systems(i.e., cantons) by examining to what extent the variouselements of power-sharing are developed. It is arguedthat referendums and initiatives are used lessfrequently when government coalitions have greaterstrength and local autonomy is more developed.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


03 Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences > Social Sciences > Institute of Political Science

UniBE Contributor:

Vatter, Adrian


300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 320 Political science




Blackwell Publishing




Madleina Christina-Maria Ganzeboom

Date Deposited:

07 Aug 2019 13:31

Last Modified:

06 Aug 2020 11:12

Publisher DOI:



Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback