Getting started with taiji: investigating students expectations and teachers appraisals of taiji beginners courses

Nedeljkovic, Marko; Bürgler, Christina; Wirtz, Petra H.; Seiler, Roland; Streitberger, Konrad M.; Ausfeld-Hafter, Brigitte (2012). Getting started with taiji: investigating students expectations and teachers appraisals of taiji beginners courses. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine eCAM, 2012, p. 595710. New York, N.Y.: Hindawi 10.1155/2012/595710

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In recent years, Taiji has been frequently investigated and considered as a stress management intervention. Although health care providers' appraisals and consumers' expectations are regarded as essential for treatment outcome, little attention has been drawn to this issue in Taiji research. In our study we have conducted two surveys to explore beginners' (n = 74) expectations and teachers' (n = 136) appraisals of their Taiji courses in general as well as more particularly related to stress management. Qualitative data analysis revealed that beginners mainly expected to learn a new method that is applicable in their daily life to foster peace of mind and to enhance their stress management. Congruently moderate-to-high improvements in stress management have also been found in quantitative analysis, whereby a lower educational level predicted higher expectations (P = 0.016). Taiji-teachers stated body- and mind-related benefits most frequently and appraised moderate-to-high improvements in stress management. Higher appraisals were predicted by a shorter teaching experience (P = 0.024). Our results inform about beginners' expectations and teachers' appraisals related to a Taiji-beginners course and highlight the role of educational background and teaching experience in shaping stress-management-related beginners' expectations and teachers' appraisals.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic and Policlinic for Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute of Complementary and Integrative Medicine (IKIM)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science II [discontinued]

UniBE Contributor:

Nedeljkovic, Marko, Wirtz, Petra Hedwig, Seiler, Roland, Streitberger, Konrad Markus, Ausfeld, Brigitte


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment








Jeannie Wurz

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:33

Last Modified:

02 Mar 2023 23:21

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URI: (FactScience: 219516)

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