Neurorehabilitation of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI): A Clinical Review

Oberholzer, Michael; Müri, René Martin (2019). Neurorehabilitation of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI): A Clinical Review. Medical Sciences, 7(3) MDPI 10.3390/medsci7030047

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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its potential long-term consequences are of major concern for public health. Neurorehabilitation of affected individuals has some specific characteristics in contrast to neurorehabilitation of patients with acquired brain lesions of other aetiology. This review will deal with the clinical consequences of the distinct lesions of TBI. In severe TBI, clinical course often follows a typical initial sequence of coma; followed by disturbed consciousness; later, post-traumatic agitation and amnesia; and finally, recovery of function occurs. In the different phases of neurorehabilitation, physicians should be aware of typical medical complications such as paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity, posttraumatic hydrocephalus, and posttraumatic neuroendocrine dysfunctions. Furthermore, we address questions on timing and on existing evidence for different rehabilitation programmes and for holistic neuropsychological rehabilitation approaches.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Pavillon 52 > Forschungsgruppe Perzeption und Okulomotorik

UniBE Contributor:

Oberholzer, Michael and Müri, René Martin

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2076-3271

Publisher:

MDPI

Language:

English

Submitter:

Angela Amira Botros

Date Deposited:

15 Jul 2019 11:08

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 12:02

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/medsci7030047

PubMed ID:

30889900

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.130182

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/130182

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