Evaluation of a guided internet-based self-help intervention for older adults after spousal bereavement or separation/divorce: A randomised controlled trial

Brodbeck, Jeannette; Berger, Thomas; Biesold, Nicola; Rockstroh, Franziska; Znoj, Hans Jörg (2019). Evaluation of a guided internet-based self-help intervention for older adults after spousal bereavement or separation/divorce: A randomised controlled trial. Journal of Affective Disorders, 252, pp. 440-449. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.008

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Background: While several internet interventions target severe prolonged grief symptoms after bereavement, no randomised controlled trial investigated interventions for prolonged grief after separation/divorce. Methods: This randomised controlled trial aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a guided internet-based self-help intervention for prolonged grief symptoms after spousal bereavement or separation/divorce compared to a wait- list control group. Furthermore, we analysed whether the intervention was also efficacious for participants with milder grief symptoms. Results: A total of 110 participants were mainly recruited by newspaper articles. Average age was 51 years, 77% were separated/divorced, 79% were female. Dropout rate was 11%. Compared to the control group, the inter- vention resulted in significant reductions in grief (d = 0.81), depression (d = 0.59), psychopathological distress (d=0.39) (primary outcomes), embitterment (d=0.37), loneliness (d=0.37) and an increase in life sa- tisfaction (d = −0.41) (secondary outcomes). These gains were maintained over three months. Improvements were similar among widowed and separated/divorced participants as well as among participants with low, medium or high levels of grief at baseline. Limitations: Limitations include the self-selective sample and a rather small number of widowed participants. Conclusions: Findings indicate that an internet intervention based on models for coping with grief after be- reavement was not only beneficial for widowed but also separated or divorced participants. Furthermore, also participants with lower levels of grief at baseline benefitted from the intervention. This corroborates that in- dicated prevention efforts for grief are efficacious.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Psychological and Behavioral Health

UniBE Contributor:

Brodbeck, Jeannette; Berger, Thomas; Biesold, Nicola Tabea; Rockstroh, Franziska and Znoj, Hans Jörg

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0165-0327

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Salome Irina Rahel Bötschi

Date Deposited:

09 Jul 2019 11:17

Last Modified:

09 Jul 2019 11:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.008

PubMed ID:

31003114

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.130265

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/130265

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