The use of streak observations to detect space debris

Vives Vallduriola, G.; Suárez Trujillo, D.A.; Helfers, T.; Daens, D.; Utzmann, J.; Pittet, Jean-Noël; Lièvre, N. (2018). The use of streak observations to detect space debris. International journal of remote sensing, 39(7), pp. 2066-2077. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/01431161.2017.1407502

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Man-made space debris orbit around the Earth at many altitudes in different orbits and many launches add further debris to already congested orbits. The European Space Agency (ESA) GSTP-funded Optical IN-SITU Monitor project started in 2016 and aims to analyse the end-to-end processing pipeline from image acquisition to the extracted positions of space debris. A camera will take images and an on-board data processor will filter and compress the images obtained, which – in case of a future flight model of the instrument – shall be downlinked to the ground station. For the image filtering and compression, several data reduction algorithms are considered and also two different kinds of processors are considered. The difficulty of the images is to differentiate between stars in the background (which have to be filtered out) and the debris. A short overview of the project is presented in this paper: its current status, the hardware choices and the data reduction algorithm trade-off.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Astronomy

UniBE Contributor:

Pittet, Jean-Noël


500 Science > 520 Astronomy




Taylor & Francis




Alessandro Vananti

Date Deposited:

19 Sep 2019 13:04

Last Modified:

27 Oct 2019 08:40

Publisher DOI:





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