Changes in masticatory performance of edentulous patients treated with single-implant mandibular overdentures and conventional complete dentures.

Nogueira, Túlio E; Schimmel, Martin; Leles, Cláudio R (2019). Changes in masticatory performance of edentulous patients treated with single-implant mandibular overdentures and conventional complete dentures. Journal of oral rehabilitation, 46(3), pp. 268-273. Blackwell Scientific Publications 10.1111/joor.12744

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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to test the effect of a single-implant mandibular overdenture (SIMO), compared with conventional complete denture (CD), on masticatory performance measured by the mixing ability of a two-coloured chewing gum. METHODS A sample of edentulous subjects was randomly assigned to the SIMO (n = 15) and CD (n = 19) groups. Patients in both groups received a set of new complete dentures, and the SIMO group received a single implant in the symphyseal region of the mandible (Straumann® Standard Plus SLActive®) and an eliptical matrix and ball attachment for denture retention. Masticatory tests were performed using a two-colour chewing gum (Vivident Fruitswing, Perfetti van Melle, Turkey) for 20 and 50 chewing cycles. Colour-mixing ability was assessed by electronic colourimetric analysis (ViewGum©, Dhal Software, Greece), expressed by the variance of hue. Tests were performed at baseline and at the 6- and 12-month follow-ups. Multilevel linear regression was used to model the changes in masticatory performance. RESULTS Groups were similar at baseline for 20 and 50 cycles (P > 0.05). A significant linear effect was observed on time points for 20 and 50 cycles (P < 0.001). No difference was observed between treatment groups factor (P > 0.05). However, the way masticatory performance varied according to time points differed in the CD and SIMO groups for 20 cycles (P = 0.048). CONCLUSION Masticatory performance improved significantly after 12 months, irrespective to the insertion of a single implant to retain a mandibular overdenture. Moreover, results suggest that SIMO treatment may perform better than CD in the shorter follow-up period.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Reconstructive Dentistry and Gerodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Schimmel, Martin

Subjects:

600 Technology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0305-182X

Publisher:

Blackwell Scientific Publications

Language:

English

Submitter:

Vanda Kummer

Date Deposited:

17 Jul 2019 15:59

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 20:45

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/joor.12744

PubMed ID:

30387869

Uncontrolled Keywords:

chewing gum complete denture dental implant edentulous mouth mastication overdenture

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.131143

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/131143

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