Membrane-based therapeutic plasma exchange in dogs: Prescription, anticoagulation, and metabolic response.

Francey, Thierry; Schweighauser, Ariane (2019). Membrane-based therapeutic plasma exchange in dogs: Prescription, anticoagulation, and metabolic response. Journal of veterinary internal medicine, 33(4), pp. 1635-1645. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/jvim.15528

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BACKGROUND Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) is used increasingly in small animals to remove circulating large molecular products such as antibodies, pathogenic proteins, and protein-bound toxins. Specific, efficient, and safe protocols need to be developed. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES To describe the technique of membrane-based TPE, the resulting physiological and metabolic changes, and to define an adequate regional citrate anticoagulation protocol. ANIMALS Thirty-four dogs treated with TPE (2011-2017). METHODS Retrospective review of all TPE treatments performed at the Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, identified through a search of the institutional database for extracorporeal treatments. RESULTS Sixty-four treatments were performed, resulting in 1.0 plasma volume exchange (range, 0.4-1.1). Replacement fluids included fresh frozen plasma (12%-100% volume), colloids (0%-52%), human albumin (0%-41%), and saline (0%-70%). Anticoagulation was performed with regional citrate (n = 24), systemic heparinization (n = 2), or combined (n = 38). Main relevant laboratory changes included a 24.7% decrease in total proteins (interquartile range, 16.7-31.4; P < .001), 53% in fibrinogen (-30 to 63; P = .009), 36% in bilirubin (13-43, P = .02), 9.0% in urea (0.7-15.7; P < .001), and 4.5% in creatinine (-6.6 to 10.6; P = .006). Citrate accumulation was evidenced in all dogs, more pronounced in those with renal but not with hepatic impairment. Maximal tolerable citrate rates were estimated as 5.5 and 9.0 μmol/kg/min for treatments in dogs with and without renal impairment, respectively. Complications were observed in 22 treatments (34%) and were fatal in 2 dogs. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE Therapeutic plasma exchange causes metabolic and biochemical alterations. Understanding these effects makes possible to anticipate most complications and to improve safety of the procedure.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic
05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Host-Pathogen Interaction
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic > Small Animal Clinic, Internal Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Francey, Thierry and Schweighauser, Ariane

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0891-6640

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Thierry Francey-Spicher

Date Deposited:

06 Jun 2019 15:10

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 20:46

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/jvim.15528

PubMed ID:

31115107

Uncontrolled Keywords:

coagulation extracorporeal blood purification plasmapheresis

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.131202

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/131202

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