The Slavcleft: A three-center study of the outcome of treatment of cleft lip and palate. Part 2: Dental arch relationships.

Fudalej, Piotr; Urbanova, Wanda; Klimova, Irena; Dubovska, Ivana; Brudnicki, Andrzej; Polackova, Petra; Kroupova, Daniela; Kotova, Magdalena; Rachwalski, Martin (2019). The Slavcleft: A three-center study of the outcome of treatment of cleft lip and palate. Part 2: Dental arch relationships. Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery, 47(7), pp. 1092-1095. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jcms.2019.03.023

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PURPOSE Our aim was to evaluate the dental arch relationship in a preadolescent Slavic population with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) by using the Goslon Yardstick. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients treated in Warsaw, Poland (n = 32), Prague, Czech Republic (n = 33) and Bratislava, Slovakia (n = 30) were included in this retrospective study. Each cleft center used a unique surgical protocol. Three raters scored blindly the dental arch relationship on plaster models. Intra- and inter-rater agreement were assessed with kappa statistics, and differences between the groups were evaluated with one-way analysis of variance. Intra-rater agreement was very good (k > 0.825), while inter-rater agreement was either good or very good (kappa >0.703). RESULTS We found that patients treated in Warsaw showed a more favorable dental arch relationship (Goslon score = 2.58, SD = 0.77) than patients treated in Prague (Goslon score = 3.21, SD = 1.04). Patients treated in Bratislava showed an intermediate Goslon score (3.07; SD = 0.99). CONCLUSION This study showed that the dental arch relationships in patients treated in Warsaw with a one-stage repair were more favorable than in patients treated in Prague and Bratislava with a two-stage protocol and comparable to the best results obtained in the Eurocleft and Americleft studies.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Orthodontics

UniBE Contributor:

Fudalej, Piotr


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Renate Imhof-Etter

Date Deposited:

26 Jul 2019 12:56

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 00:34

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Cleft lip and palate Cleft palate Dental arch relationship Goslon Slavs




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