Orphan crops: their importance and the urgency of improvement

Tadele, Zerihun (2019). Orphan crops: their importance and the urgency of improvement. Planta, 250(3), pp. 677-694. Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00425-019-03210-6

[img] Text
2019_Planta.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (1MB) | Request a copy
[img] Text
2019_Planta_250_677.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (1MB) | Request a copy

Food security is the main challenge in the developing world, particularly in the least developed countries. Orphan crops play a vital role in the food security and livelihood of resource-poor farmers and consumers in these countries. Like major crops, there are members of all food types—cereals, legumes, vegetables and root and tuber crops, that are considered to be orphan crops. Despite their huge importance for present and future agriculture, orphan crops have generally received little attention by the global scientific community. Due to this, they produce inferior yields in terms of both quantity and quality. The major bottlenecks affecting the productivity of these crops are little or no selection of improved genetic traits, extreme environmental conditions and unfavorable policy. However, some orphan crops have recently received the attention of the global and national scientific community where advanced research and development initiatives have been launched. These initiatives which implement a variety of genetic and genomic tools targeted major constraints affecting productivity and/or nutritional quality of orphan crops. In this paper, some of these initiatives are briefly described. Here, I provide key suggestions to relevant stakeholders regarding improvement of orphan crops. Concerted efforts are urgently needed to advance the research and development of both the major and orphan crops so that food security will be achieved and ultimately the livelihood of the population will be improved.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant Development

UniBE Contributor:

Tadele, Zerihun

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0032-0935

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

24 Jul 2019 09:05

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 19:12

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00425-019-03210-6

Related URLs:

PubMed ID:

31190115

Uncontrolled Keywords:

crops for the future; disadvantaged crops; food security; minor crops; orphan crops; understudied crops; underutilized crops

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.131374

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/131374

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback