Habitat selection can reduce effects of extreme climatic events in a long-lived shorebird.

Bailey, Liam D; Ens, Bruno J; Both, Christiaan; Heg, Dik; Oosterbeek, Kees; van de Pol, Martijn (2019). Habitat selection can reduce effects of extreme climatic events in a long-lived shorebird. Journal of animal ecology, 88(10), pp. 1474-1485. Blackwell 10.1111/1365-2656.13041

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1.Changes in the frequency of extreme climatic events (ECEs) can have profound impacts on individual fitness by degrading habitat quality. Organisms may respond to such changes through habitat selection, favouring those areas less affected by ECEs; however, documenting habitat selection in response to ECEs is difficult in the wild due to the rarity of such events and the long-term biological data required. 2.Sea level rise and changing weather patterns over the past decades has led to an increase in the frequency of coastal flooding events, with serious consequences for ground nesting shorebirds. Shorebirds therefore present a useful natural study system to understand habitat selection as a response to ECEs. We used a 32-year study of the Eurasian oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus) to investigate whether habitat selection can lead to an increase in nest elevation and minimise the impacts of coastal flooding. 3.The mean nest elevation of H. ostralegus has increased during the last three decades. We hypothesised that this change has been driven by changes in H. ostralegus territory settlement patterns over time. We compared various possible habitat selection cues to understand what information H. ostralegus might use to inform territory settlement. 4.There was a clear relationship between elevation and territory settlement in H. ostralegus. In early years, settlements were more likely at low elevations but in more recent years the likelihood of settlement was similar between high and low elevation areas. Territory settlement was associated with conspecific fledgling output and conspecific density. Settlement was more likely in areas of high density and areas with high fledgling output. 5.This study shows that habitat selection can minimise the effects of increasingly frequent ECEs. However, it seems unlikely that the changes we observe will fully alleviate the consequences of anthropogenic climate change. Rates of nest elevation increase were insufficient to track current increases in maximum high tide (0.5 v. 0.8 cm/year). Furthermore, habitat selection cues that rely on information from previous breeding seasons (e.g. conspecific fledgling output) may become ineffective as ECEs become more frequent and environmental predictability is diminished. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > CTU Bern

UniBE Contributor:

Heg, Dierik Hans

ISSN:

0021-8790

Publisher:

Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Flükiger-Flückiger

Date Deposited:

25 Jun 2019 09:27

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 19:13

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/1365-2656.13041

PubMed ID:

31175665

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Haematopus ostralegus Flood climate change extreme events habitat selection salt marsh waders

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.131428

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/131428

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