Payment for Environmental “Self-Service”: Exploring the Links Between Farmers' Motivation and Additionality in a Conservation Incentive Programme in the Bolivian Andes

Bottazzi, Patrick; Wiik, Emma; Crespo, David; Jones, Julia P.G. (2018). Payment for Environmental “Self-Service”: Exploring the Links Between Farmers' Motivation and Additionality in a Conservation Incentive Programme in the Bolivian Andes. Ecological economics, 150(2018), pp. 11-23. Elsevier 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.03.032

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Neoclassical economic interpretations of Payment for Environmental Services (PES), which assume that participants weigh up costs and benefits, are making room for more complex analyses. However, there is still little evidence of how PES programmes interact with existing motivations to conserve, the extent to which funded conservation is additional, and the likely permanence of changes. We categorized the outcome of contracts aiming to reduce cattle grazing in riparian forest (n = 428) and deforestation (n = 912) by Bolivian farmers in terms of whether they were unsuitable, non-compliant, non-additional, or additional (the holy grail of PES programmes) and explored the relationship between farmers' reported motivations and the extent to which the conservation funded was additional. Up to 39% of contracts to exclude cattle, and 14% to prevent deforestation appear to be additional. Where participation is motivated by the instrumental values of nature (such as provision of clean water) contracts to exclude cattle from riparian forest are more likely to represent additional conservation. We suggest that the programme is partly acting as what we term ‘payment for environmental selfservice’; i.e. the external incentives enable changes in behaviour motivated by farmers' perceptions of environmental benefits they receive from the management changes incentivized.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Geographies of Sustainability > Unit Land Systems and Sustainable Land Management (LS-SLM)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Geographies of Sustainability
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography

UniBE Contributor:

Bottazzi, Patrick

Subjects:

900 History > 910 Geography & travel

ISSN:

0921-8009

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Thomas Reist

Date Deposited:

18 Sep 2019 10:48

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 21:02

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.03.032

Uncontrolled Keywords:

PES, Payment for Ecosystem Services, Payment for watershed services, Incentive-based conservation, Participation, Additionality, Permanence

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.131551

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/131551

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