A randomized controlled clinical and histopathological trial comparing excisional biopsies of oral fibrous hyperplasias using CO and Er:YAG laser.

Suter, Valérie; Altermatt, Hans Jörg; Bornstein, Michael M. (2017). A randomized controlled clinical and histopathological trial comparing excisional biopsies of oral fibrous hyperplasias using CO and Er:YAG laser. Lasers in medical science, 32(3), pp. 573-581. Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s10103-017-2151-8

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This study was conducted in order to compare clinical and histopathological outcomes for excisional biopsies when using pulsed CO laser versus Er:YAG laser. Patients (n = 32) with a fibrous hyperplasia in the buccal mucosa were randomly allocated to the CO (140 Hz, 400 μs, 33 mJ) or the Er:YAG laser (35 Hz, 297 μs, 200 mJ) group. The duration of excision, intraoperative bleeding and methods to stop the bleeding, postoperative pain (VAS; ranging 0-100), the use of analgesics, and the width of the thermal damage zone (μm) were recorded and compared between the two groups. The median duration of the intervention was 209 s, and there was no significant difference between the two methods. Intraoperative bleeding occurred in 100% of the excisions with Er:YAG and 56% with CO laser (p = 0.007). The median thermal damage zone was 74.9 μm for CO and 34.0 μm for Er:YAG laser (p < 0.0001). The median VAS score on the evening after surgery was 5 for the CO laser and 3 for the Er:YAG group. To excise oral soft tissue lesions, CO and Er:YAG lasers are both valuable tools with a short time of intervention and postoperative low pain. More bleeding occurs with the Er:YAG than CO laser, but the lower thermal effect of Er:YAG laser seems advantageous for histopathological evaluation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Oral Surgery and Stomatology

UniBE Contributor:

Suter, Valérie

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0268-8921

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Caroline Balz

Date Deposited:

31 Jul 2019 09:15

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 16:33

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s10103-017-2151-8

PubMed ID:

28120248

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Bleeding Fibrous hyperplasia Laser Oral mucosa Pain Thermal damage zone

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.131640

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/131640

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