Correlated Induction of Phytohormones and Glucosinolates Shapes Insect Herbivore Resistance of Cardamine Species Along Elevational Gradients

Robert, Christelle A. M.; Pellissier, Loïc; Moreira, Xoaquín; Defossez, Emmanuel; Pfander, Marc; Guyer, Anouk; van Dam, Nicole M.; Rasmann, Sergio (2019). Correlated Induction of Phytohormones and Glucosinolates Shapes Insect Herbivore Resistance of Cardamine Species Along Elevational Gradients. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 45(7), pp. 638-648. Springer 10.1007/s10886-019-01084-2

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Although the production of phytohormones has been commonly associated with production of plant defence and stress-related traits, few studies have simultaneously investigated this phenomenon across several plant species that grow along large-scale ecological gradients. To address these knowledge gaps, we performed a common garden experiment with six Cardamine species, which collectively encompass an elevational gradient of 2000 m. We quantified constitutive and Pieris brassicae caterpillars-induced phytohormones and chemical defences in leaves. We found a correlated expression of phytohormone production and the subsequent induction of chemical defences, and this correlated expression reduced herbivore performance. Furthermore, we found that abiotic conditions associated with the optimal elevation range of each species influenced the production of phytohormones and chemical defences, as well as plant growth and productivity. In particular, we found that plant species adapted to milder abiotic conditions at low elevations grew faster, were more productive and produced greater levels of chemical defences. In contrast, plant species adapted to harsher abiotic conditions at high elevations tended to produce greater levels of defence-related oxylipins. Overall, these findings highlight the importance of disentangling the role of phytohormones in mediating plant adaptations to shifting biotic and abiotic conditions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Biotic Interactions
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Robert, Christelle Aurélie Maud; Pfander, Marc and Guyer, Anouk Sabina

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0098-0331

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

30 Jul 2019 15:59

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 15:42

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s10886-019-01084-2

Related URLs:

PubMed ID:

31227972

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Swiss alps; elevation gradients; temperature; plant-herbivore interaction; chewing herbivore

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.131664

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/131664

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