The BernClim plant phenological data set from the Canton of Bern (Switzerland) 1970–2018

Rutishauser, This; Jeanneret, François; Brügger, Robert; Brugnara, Yuri; Röthlisberger, Christian; Bernasconi, August; Bangerter, Peter; Portenier, Céline; Villiger, Leonie; Lehmann, Daria; Meyer, Lukas Simon; Messerli, Bruno; Brönnimann, Stefan (2019). The BernClim plant phenological data set from the Canton of Bern (Switzerland) 1970–2018. Earth System Science Data Discussions Copernicus 10.5194/essd-2019-101

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In 1970, the Institute of Geography of the University of Berne initiated the phenological observation network BernClim. Seasonality information from plants, fog and snow originally served for applications in urban and regional planning, agricultural and touristic suitability and are now a valuable data set for climate change impacts studies. Covering the growing
season volunteer observers record the dates of key development stages of hazel (Coryllus avellana), dandelion (Taraxacum officinale), apple tree (Pyrus malus) and beech (Fagus sylvatica). All observations consist of detailed site information including location, altitude, exposition and inclination that make BernClim unique in detail-richness on decadal time-scales. Quality control (QC) by experts and statistical analyses of the data has been performed to flag impossible dates, dates outside the biologically plausible range, repeated dates in the same year, stretches of consecutive identical dates, and statistically inconsistent dates (outliers in time or in space). Here, we report BernClim data of 7414 plant phenological observations from 1970 to 2018 from 1304 sites at 110 stations, the QC procedure and selected applications (Rutishauser et al. 2019, doi: The QC points to a very good internal consistency (only 0.2% were flagged as internally inconsistent) and likely a high quality of the data. BernClim data indicate a trend towards an extended growing season. They also well track the regime shift in the late 1980s.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography > Unit Climatology
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography

UniBE Contributor:

Rutishauser, This, Jeanneret, François, Brügger, Robert, Brugnara, Yuri, Portenier, Céline Christine, Villiger, Leonie, Meyer, Lukas Simon, Messerli, Bruno, Brönnimann, Stefan


900 History > 910 Geography & travel
500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology








André Hürzeler

Date Deposited:

31 Jul 2019 11:10

Last Modified:

02 Mar 2023 23:32

Publisher DOI:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

phenology, phenological observations, cherry, apple, dandelion, hazel, beech, snow




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